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Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide.

Print Price: $129.99

456 pp.
29 maps; 34 photos; 2 figures, 7" x 9"


Copyright Year:

Imprint: OUP Canada

Medieval to Modern

Early Modern Europe

Mark Konnert

A comprehensive introduction to European history between the end of the Middle Ages and the end of the eighteenth century, this text combines compelling narrative accounts with thoughtful analyses of historical developments and events. Immersing students in the social, political, economic, religious, and cultural perspectives of the era, Medieval to Modern explores the many ways in which this time of immense change shaped the modern world.

Readership : Second- and third-year students taking early modern European history courses.


  • "I am very impressed with the detail and range of content. The use of contemporary voices is a welcome feature, as is the fact the author has skillfully blended historiographical debate into the content and contexts of the periods and themes under review."
    --Richard Connors, University of Ottawa

  • "Refreshingly free of jargon yet still engaged with scholarly insight, this text does an excellent job of showing students the range of historical materials and interpretations for the periods in question."
    --Janice Liedl, Laurentian University

Note: chapters include:
- Voices boxes
- Historical Debate boxes
- Conclusion
Introduction: Europe at the End of the Middle Ages
Christianity and The Church
Politics: Feudalism and Feudal Monarchy
- Feudalism
- The Enduring Imperial Ideal
- Feudal Monarchy
- The Disorder of the Later Middle Ages
Culture and Intellectual Life
- The Printing Press
1. Continuities in Society and Economy
Population and Demography
Birth, Marriage, and Death
- Family Formation
- Mortality
Society and Social Relations
- Nobles
- The Middle Classes or Bourgeoisie
- Urban Workers: Skilled and Unskilled
- Peasants
- On the Margins
- Unrest, Revolt, and Rebellion
- The Roles and Status of Women
- Witch Hunts
Economic Life
- Agriculture
- Industry
- Trade and Commerce
- The Price Revolution
- Mercantilism
2. Europe in the Age of the Renaissance
The Italian Renaissance
- Social and Political Context
- Renaissance Humanism
- Humanish Profiles
- Renaissance Art
Renaissance humanism
- Humanist Profiles
- Renaissance Art
Politics and Governance in the Renaissance
- The Italian States of the Renaissance
- The Feudal Monarchies
- The French Invasion and the Italian Wars
The Later Renaissance
- Literary Responses
3. The Reformations
Traditional Christianity and its Challenges
- The Institutional Church and Anti-Clericalism
- "Christian" Humanism
Martin Luther (1483-1546)
- The Appeal and Spread of Luther's Revolt
- Violence and Disorder
Other Visions of Reform
- Ulrich Zwingli and Switzerland
- Radical Voices
- John Calvin
- The Reformation in England
The Catholic Counter-Reformation
- Pre-Reformation and Catholic Reform
- Paul III and the Council of Trent
- The Inquisition and Index
- The Society of Jesus
Impact of the Reformations
- Religion and the People
- Religious Violence and Peaceful Coexistence
- Women and the Reformations
- The State and the Reformations
4. The Age of Religious War
Changes in Warfare
Habsburg-Valois Wars to 1559
The French Wars of Religion, 1559-1598
- Religious Crisis: the Growth of Calvinism
- Political Crisis
- Civil War
- The Catholic League and Dynastic Crisis
- The Edict of Nantes
Spain and the Netherlands
- Philip II, the Spanish Kingdoms and the Seventeen Provinces
- Dutch Revolt, Repression, Independence
England under Elizabeth I
- The Religious Settlement
- Diplomacy and Warfare: Scotland, Spain, and the Spanish Armada
- Politics, Parliament, and Puritans
The Thirty Years War
- Religious Conflict in Germany to 1555
- The Origins of the Thirty Years War
- The Bohemian Crisis and the German War to 1630
- The Edict of Restitution and the European War to 1648
- The Peace of Westphalia, 1648
5. "Discovering" New Worlds
Europe "Discovers" the World
- "Seeking Christians and Spices"
- Early Voyages
- Consequences: Global Networks
- The Columbian Exchange
- Empire and Trade, Settlement and Conquest
- Sugar and Slavery
- New Peoples
- Religion
- Summary
Discovering the World of Nature
- The Revolution in Astronomy and Physics
- Impact of the New Science
- Medicine and Chemistry
6. Absolute and Limited Monarchies in the Seventeenth Century
France, 1589-1715: Royal Absolutism
- Henry IV and Recovery, 1598-1610
- Louis XIII and Cardinal Richelieu, 1610-1643
- Louis XIV, the Regency, and the Fronde
- Louis XIV and the Zenith of Royal Absolutism
England: The Evolution of Limited Monarchy
- James I and the Preservation of the Status Quo
- Charles I, Rebellion, Civil War, and Revolution
- The Interregnum, the Search for Stability, and the Restoration
- From Restoration to Oligarchy
Spain in the Seventeenth Century
The Dutch Republic
Northern and Eastern Europe
- The Baltic World
- Poland
Central and Eastern Europe
- Brandenburg-Prussia
- The Habsburg Monarchy
- Russia
7. Diplomacy and Warfare in the Age of Absolutism
The Wars of Louis XIV in Western Europe
- The War of Devolution, 1667-1668
- The Dutch War, 1672-1678
- The War of League of Augsburg, 1689-1698
- The War of Spanish Succession, 1702-1713
Habsburgs and Ottomans
Russia, Sweden, and the Great Northern War
8. Economy and Society Transformed: The Eighteenth Century
Breaking the Demographic Mold
An Agricultural Revolution
Commerce and Finance
Orders and Classes
9. Culture and Religion in the Age of the Enlightenment
The Enlightenment
- The Early Enlightenment: Voltaire and Montesquieu
- Diderot and the Encyclopédie
- Enlightened Themes
- Reaction and Rousseau
- Science in the Enlightenment
Churches and Religion in the Eighteenth Century
Education, Literacy, and Literature
10. The Eighteenth-Century State System
Enlightened Despotism
- Brandenburg-Prussia
- The Habsburg Monarchy
- Russia
- France
- Great Britain
- The Dutch Republic
Diplomacy and War in the Eighteenth Century
11. Europe in the World, 1650-1800
Colonial Empires in the New World
Trading Empires in Asia
The New Age of Exploration
Race, Slavery, and Empire
Empire, Industry, and the Beginnings of European Global Domination

Instructor's Manual:
For each chapter:
- Objectives
- Summary
- 5-10 debate/discussion suggestions
- Lists of key people, places, and events
- Suggested research topics/activities
- Additional readings and web links
Image Bank:
- All art and maps from text
Test Bank:
For each chapter:
- 10 multiple choice questions
- 15-20 true-or-false questions
- 20 short answer questions
- 10 essay questions
Student Study Resources:
- Image bank
- List of primary sources found in-text
- Timeline of key events
E-Book (ISBN 9780199018499)

Mark Konnert is a professor in the Department of History at the University of Calgary.

Writing History - William Kelleher Storey and Towser Jones
The Worlds of Medieval Europe - Clifford R. Backman
Cultures of the West - Clifford R. Backman
Cultures of the West - Clifford R. Backman
Cultures of the West - Clifford R. Backman
Patterns of World History - Peter von Sivers, Charles A. Desnoyers and George B. Stow
Patterns of World History - Peter von Sivers, Charles A. Desnoyers and George B. Stow
Patterns of World History - Peter von Sivers, Charles A. Desnoyers and George B. Stow
Patterns of World History - Peter von Sivers, Charles A. Desnoyers and George B. Stow
Patterns of World History - Peter von Sivers, Charles A. Desnoyers and George B. Stow

Special Features

  • Balanced coverage of social, political, economic, religious, and cultural perspectives provides students with a well-rounded picture of early modern Europe.
  • A strong narrative based on a chronological approach explores how events impacted and influenced each other and the development of modern Europe.
  • Excerpts from primary sources allow students to engage directly with historical materials and debates that have contributed to our understanding of early modern Europe.
  • Accessible historiographical articles guide students through thoughtful analysis of primary sources.
  • Voices boxes offer extended direct quotes from writings of the period, prefaced by commentary to give students the context to help them understand the quote's relationship to chapter content.
  • Historical Debate boxes introduce scholarly debates about the period through quotations and commentary, preparing students to contrast the viewpoints presented and relate debate to chapter content.
  • Questions for critical thought draw connections between developments in early modern Europe and conditions in the modern age.