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Chapter 4

In Chapter 4, you will consider the assertion that ideologies are evolutionary; they adapt and change in response to the political, economic, and social conditions and pressures of the societies in which they exist. By examining ideologies that developed as a reaction to classical liberalism and the ways that liberalism itself evolved in response to its critics, this chapter will assist you in addressing the following issue: To what extent did classical liberalism meet the needs of society?

Student Resource Links

Section 3, Get to the Source, p. 158
You may wish to discover more about suffrage in Canada by reading about Voting in Canada: How a Privilege Became a Right @

Teacher’s Resource Links

These links will support activities assigned by your teacher.

Section 2, Activity 2: Expressing Informed Views: Political Reform in Early 20th-Century America

You may wish to visit the CBC Digital Archives Website online @ to listen to “The dirty 30s”, “A Christmas message”, “Dustbowl horrors”, and “On to Ottawa!” @

For possible consensus models, please see

Section 3, Background on women’s contribution to extending equality
You may wish to visit Histor!ca’s “History by the Minute” website @ (Canadian women impacting change and reform in Canada)

A History of the Vote in Canada @

Background Information Links

These links offer background information, alternative content, and alternative approaches to issues and topics that are addressed in the Student Resource and Teacher’s Resource.


Spartacus Educational @

Internet Modern History Sourcebook: Chartism: The Peoples’ Petition 1838 @

Robert Owen @

The History Guide: Lectures on Modern European Intellectual History: Karl Marx @

Time 100: The Most Important People of the [20th] Century @

The United Nations: The Universal Declaration of Human Rights @

The Library of Congress (The Haymarket Riot) @

Service Canada’s online feature “My Rights as a Worker”. Employment Standards, Health and Safety, and Workplace Equity (Human Rights) are three main categories of information available to all Canadians @

Herstory: An Exhibition @

The CIA World Factbook @