We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website. By continuing to use our website, you are agreeing to our use of cookies. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Find out more

Higher Education

Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide.

Study Questions: Chapter 2

(Javascript must be enabled for this exercise.)

Multiple Choice Questions

1. The final stage of the revision process should always be ________.
a) solidifying structure
b) fine tuning
c) strengthening ideas
d) clarifying meaning

Answer


2. When creating an outline, a writer should ensure that he or she has ________ main point(s) per paragraph.
a) one
b) two
c) three
d) four

Answer


3. Who?, what?, why?, when?, where?, and how? are all questions that can be answered through ________.
a) fine tuning
b) freewriting
c) looping
d) brainstorming

Answer


4. A writer can characterize an audience according to ________.
a) knowledge
b) interest level
c) orientation
d) all of the above

Answer


5. ________ prose makes clear communication a priority and acknowledges the active role of the reader in the communication process.
a) Reader-based
b) Writer-based
c) Audience-based
d) All of the above

Answer


6. An essay that begins with the weakest point and proceeds to the strongest point is known as the ________ order.
a) dramatic
b) logical
c) inverted
d) climax

Answer


7. Pre-writing helps a writer determine the essay’s thesis and ________.
a) tone
b) diction
c) main points
d) abstract

Answer


8. Writers may find it beneficial to follow freewriting with a ________ exercise.
a) looping
b) research
c) brainstorming
d) All of the above

Answer


9. ________ is a kind of graphic technique that allows a writer to develop main points and essay structure through connecting words and ideas.
a) Graphing
b) Clustering
c) Laddering
d) Pro/con listing

Answer


10. A scratch outline includes only the ________ of an essay.
a) research
b) textual evidence
c) thesis
d) main points

Answer



Short Answer Questions

1. ________-based prose is geared towards the audience the essay was designed for.

Answer


2. When creating an outline, a writer should aim to have a total minimum of ________ paragraphs.

Answer


3. A private diary is an example of ________ prose.

Answer


4. A(n) ________ -order outline begins with a moderately strong point, moves to the weakest, and finishes with the strongest.

Answer


5. A(n) ________ -order outline begins with the strongest point and ends with the weakest.

Answer


6. Ordinary written language without rhythms or patterns is called ________.

Answer


7. ________ refers to the ethical or emotional positions or attitudes that define a typical reader.

Answer


8. After assessing audience and purpose, a writer must ________ his or her essay topic.

Answer


9. ________ can free a writer from writer’s block.

Answer


10. The acronym ________ can help recall the parts of the revision process.

Answer