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Higher Education

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Writing by Choice, Second Edition: Chapter One


Question 1:

a) they fear that their writing may not be satisfactory
b) they are producing work that will be subject to evaluation and commentary
c) they may feel intimidated by sharing their thoughts in a "public" forum
d) All of the above

Question 2:

a) as we age, writing tasks become only more complex and difficult
b) writing tasks may be new, challenging, and require a unique understanding
c) an individual's choices always lead to inspired writing
d) All of the above.

Question 3:

a) to commit the content to memory
b) to find errors of style and punctuation
c) to discover the writer’s purpose, audience, main ideas, and stylistic strategies
d) All of the above.

Question 4:

a) reading is a pleasure in its own right
b) "active reading" can sharpen a student’s thinking, which may lead to stronger, more effective writing
c) writing is a complex activity involving more than one part of the brain
d) All of the above.

Question 5:

a) so writers can consider what model is best for the specific writing situation
b) so writers can experiment with different models to see which works best
c) so writers develop as writers and enjoy writing more by becoming conscious of their writing process
d) All of the above.

Question 6:

a) an intensive series of at least five drafts
b) a series of steps using concrete methods to achieve a specific writing goal
c) writing one paragraph after another without stopping.
d) All of the above

Question 7:

a) inventing, Outlining, Drafting, and Revising.
b) inventing, Outlining, Drafting, and Revising.
c) introduction, Body Paragraphs, and Conclusion.

Question 8:

a) an extensive organizing period using several kinds of outline
b) copious amounts of research
c) alternating periods of reflection and writing
d) All of the above.

Question 9:

a) leave grammar correction and concerns about essay length to the end of their process
b) deepen their thinking about the topic by writing and then pausing to reread and to rethink
c) write down their thoughts in order to have control over them and to clarify their thinking
d) All of the above.

Question 10:

a) It can involve a lot of planning.
b) It can involve some planning, but structure is determined as you write.
c) It does not involve planning but can be used to explore a topic.

Question 11:

a) a fully formed outline
b) a list of working topic sentences
c) a clear purpose and a thesis statement
d) All of the above.

Question 12:

a) A word’s dictionary meaning.
b) A word’s meaning derived by looking at its context, its suggested meaning.
c) What the evidence points to, a conclusion.

Question 13:

a) always involves making negative judgments
b) usually implies a negative judgment about the author
c) involves the impartial weighing of an author's statements
d) means accepting an author’s statements as valid unless overwhelming evidence suggests otherwise

Question 14:

a) reading to comprehend content
b) reading to examine the validity of the author’s statements
c) reading to analyze (break down) the author’s techniques, strategies and/or style
d) All of the above.

Question 15:

a) look only for the main ideas in topic sentences
b) read the beginning and endings of texts
c) choose scanning or more focussed reading depending on their purpose for reading
d) All of the above.

Question 16:

a) it is crucial to read every single word of the text
b) spending more time reading will necessarily improve the quality of your essay
c) not all reading tasks call for the same level of focus and analysis
d) All of the above.

Question 17:

a) selective reading
b) focussed reading.
c) diffuse reading
d) All of the above.

Question 18:

a) look for the essential idea of a text and its central points
b) summarize the entire body of the text
c) paraphrase key paragraphs
d) All of the above.

Question 19:

a) read the introduction to identify the main idea
b) scan the paragraphs’ topic sentences
c) review the text’s table of contents
d) examine the bibliography for key words
e) All of the above.

Question 20:

a) carefully read small blocks of text for detail, tone, and style
b) reread a text two or three times in order to memorize the work
c) read in focussed three-hour blocks of time
d) All of the above.

Question 21:

a) summarizing passages
b) recording direct quotations
c) paraphrasing relevant passages
d) All of the above.

Question 22:

a) try to disagree with a source’s argument
b) engage in a process of "pre-reading"
c) avoid sources that contradict the writer’s own ideas
d) All of the above.

Question 23:

a) Who is the writer and what are his or her qualifications?
b) Why was the source written?
c) What does the title reveal about the source’s content and purpose?
d) How long is the text and how is it organized?
e) All of the above.

Question 24:

a) the content of the work
b) how the work is organized
c) the overall tone of the text
d) the writer’s rhetorical purpose
e) All of the above.

Question 25:

a) if the writer has any significant biases that may affect the value of the text
b) if the writer has the required qualifications in order to address the topic
c) if the writer has any affiliations with particular organizations or groups
d) All of the above.

Question 26:

a) The article has been “peer-reviewed,” anonymously evaluated by a professional in the field.
b) The article has been published in an online forum.
c) The article has more than one author.
d) All of the above.

Question 27:

a) Because you must restrict yourself to Canadian publishers.
b) Because trade publications are a valuable source for scholarly material.
c) Because a scholarly publisher will be considered more reliable by your instructors.
d) All of the above.

Question 28:

a) determine if the text is pertinent to one’s research
b) gain a sense of the content and a general impression of the work
c) learn about the author and his or her background
d) All of the above.

Question 29:

a) Determining language level, structure, and main points
b) Assessing specific rhetorical strategies used by the writer
c) Determining when the work was written and for whom
d) Determining the effectiveness of the writer’s evidence used to support the thesis

Question 30:

a) ensures that the reader remains in a passive state
b) is not necessary and should be avoided
c) will make the text relevant to you
d) All of the above.

Question 31:

a) give the work a brief scan to determine its length
b) move beyond general impressions and apply a critical and analytical perspective to the work
c) scan the index for keywords
d) All of the above.

Question 32:

a) the strategies used by the writer to address the reader
b) the writer’s tone of voice
c) whether the writer’s central purpose is argumentative, descriptive, or explanatory
d) All of the above.

Question 33:

a) to remain as objective as possible
b) to judge and evaluate*
c) to provide negative comments
d) All of the above.

Question 34:

a) speedily, and with little reflection
b) always in connection with authoritative secondary sources
c) slowly and deliberately

Question 35:

a) analyzing
b) comparing
c) synthesizing
d) All of the above.

Question 36:

a) the most probable conclusion based on the evidence
b) the most attractive and appealing idea
c) the idea that is most acceptable to the reader
d) All of the above.

Question 37:

a) base conclusions on only the most commonly held ideas
b) defer to the opinions of authorities
c) form a conclusion only after careful analysis

Question 38:

a) the writer’s credentials, expertise, and possible bias
b) the writer’s race, gender, and sexuality
c) the writer’s use of stylistic strategies
d) All of the above

Question 39:

a) an underlying assumption is incorrect
b) the writer’s method may be flawed
c) the writer uses only opinion as evidence
d) All of the above.

Question 40:

a) determine the meaning by examining the context
b) consider whether the unknown word is similar to a word that is known
c) see if the writer has provided a synonym or definition
d) All of the above.