Online Resources, Part II

Summary Questions

  1. How were labour relations influenced by race and/or gender?
  2. How did changing work practices influence "community"?
  3. What narrative about modernity is constructed through the images in the "visualizing work" section?


Formation of the Fisherman’s Protection Union – Memorial University Maritime History Archive

“Labour’s Advance” – Canadian Museum of History

“Who Discovered Klondike Gold?” – Great Unsolved Mysteries in Canadian History

In Pursuit of Adventure: The Fur Trade in Canada and the North West Company – McGill University

Salaberry-de-Valleyfield: At the Heart of Canada’s Industrial History – Musée des Deux-Rives

“Sturgeon Falls Mill Closing Project” – Dr. Steven High

“Industrial Architecture of Montreal” – McGill University

“Men in the Mines: A History of Mining Activity in Nova Scotia, 1720–1992” – Nova Scotia Archives and Research Management

“Women at Work” – Provincial Archives of New Brunswick

At Work: Historical Images of Labour in Saskatchewan – University of Saskatchewan Archives

“A Caring Profession: Centuries of Nursing in Canada” – Canadian Museum of Civilization

“Canadian Trade Journals Collection” – Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library and Toronto Public Library

“From Blacksmiths to Blackboards” – Canadian Museum of Civilization

“Forest History Society of Ontario”


“The Road Taken” (1996)

“The Case of Charlie Gordon” (1930)

“High Steel” (1965)

“Kindergarten” (1962)

“To the Ladies” (1946)

Further Reading

Paul Craven, ed., Labouring Lives: Work and Workers in Nineteenth-Century Ontario (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1995)

Cecilia Danysk, Hired Hands: labour and the development of prairie agriculture, 1880–1930 (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1995)

R.D. Gidney and W.P.J. Millar, Professional Gentlemen: The Professions in Nineteenth-Century Ontario (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1994)

Steve High, Industrial Sunsets: The Making of North America's Rust Belt, 1969–1984 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2003)

Gregory S. Kealey and Bryan D. Palmer, Dreaming of What Might Be: The Knights of Labor in Ontario, 1880–1900 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1982)

Kathryn McPherson, Bedside Matters: The Transformation of Canadian Nursing, 1900–1990 (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1996)

Bryan D. Palmer, Working-Class Experience: Rethinking the history of Canadian labour, 1800–1991 2nd ed. (Toronto: McClelland, 1992)

Andrew Parnaby, Citizen Docker: Making a New Deal on the Vancouver Waterfront, 1919–1939 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2008)

Carolyn Podruchny, Making the Voyageur World: Travelers and Traders in the North American Fur Trade (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2006)

Bruno Ramirez, On the Move: French-Canadian and Italian migrants in the North Atlantic Economy, 1860–1914 (Toronto: McClelland and Stewart, 1991)

Joan Sangster, Earning Respect: The Lives of Working Women in Small-town Ontario, 1920–1960 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1995)

Jennifer A. Stephen, Pick One Intelligent Girl: Employability, Domesticity and the Gendering of Canada's Welfare State, 1939–1947 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2007)