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Weather and Climate: Chapter 12

Instructions: For each question, click on the radio button beside your answer. When you have completed the entire quiz, click the “Submit my answers” button at the bottom of the page to receive your results.

Question 1:


a) Easterly
b) Northeasterly
c) Southeasterly
d) Northerly

Question 2:


a) Warm air sinks in the subtropics.
b) It is a thermally direct cell.
c) Colder air rises near the equator.
d) ) It occurs in the mid-latitudes.

Question 3:


a) Subtropical highs
b) Subpolar lows
c) Intertropical Convergence Zone
d) Polar highs

Question 4:


a) Equatorial low and subtropical highs
b) Subpolar lows and polar highs
c) Subtropical highs and subpolar lows
d) Equatorial low and polar highs

Question 5:


a) hey shift poleward in summer and equatorward in winter.
b) Wind speeds vary within the jet stream.
c) Mid-latitude cyclones form in association with the subtropical jet streams.
d) Wind speeds in jet streams are faster in winter than they are in summer.

Question 6:


a) It predicts upper-air easterly winds in the mid-latitudes.
b) It does not account for the existence of subtropical highs and subpolar lows.
c) It predicts westerlies in polar latitudes.
d) It predicts sinking air at the equator.

Question 7:


a) That the Hadley cell would be larger because its flow would start to break down closer to the poles
b) That the Hadley cell would be smaller because its flow would start to break down closer to the poles
c) That the Hadley cell would be larger because its flow would start to break down closer to the equator
d) That the Hadley cell would be smaller because its flow would start to break down closer to the equator

Question 8:


a) It will rise into the stratosphere.
b) It will always decrease in size.
c) It will develop negative relative vorticity.
d) Its planetary vorticity will increase.

Question 9:


a) Baroclinic instability
b) The conservation of mass
c) The conservation of angular momentum
d) Wind shear

Question 10:


a) Stronger temperature gradients lead to waves of greater amplitudes.
b) Barotropic instability enhances the amplitudes of the waves.
c) The waves tend to form over tropical areas.
d) When the waves form patterns characteristic of zonal flow, unseasonal temperatures occur.

Question 11:


a) True
b) False

Question 12:


a) True
b) False

Question 13:


a) True
b) False

Question 14:


a) True
b) False

Question 15:


a) True
b) False