Higher Education

Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide.

Environmental Change and Challenge, Third Edition - Chapter 4

Instructions: For each question, click on the radio button beside your answer. When you have completed the entire quiz, click the Submit my answers button at the bottom of the page to receive your results.

Question 1:


a) True
b) False

Question 2:


a) results in eutrophication
b) is caused by fishing in oceanic ecosystems
c) is caused by biomass removal
d) is caused by human and animal waste
e) all of the above
f) none of the above

Question 3:


a) an atmospheric component
b) an effect resulting in acid deposition
c) a sedimentary component
d) eutrophication

Question 4:


a) 40 per cent
b) 50 per cent
c) 60 per cent
d) 70 per cent
e) 80 per cent

Question 5:


a) 79 per cent ocean, 20 per cent polar ice, and 1 per cent freshwater
b) 97 per cent ocean, 1 per cent polar ice, and 2 per cent freshwater
c) 97 per cent ocean and 2 per cent polar ice
d) 79 per cent ocean and 1 per cent freshwater
e) ocean, ice, freshwater, and atmosphere

Question 6:


a) average residence time of groundwater is long
b) groundwater has a flushing action that renews polluted inputs
c) surrounding soils prevent the transport of water
d) pollution sources cannot be determined and checked
e) none of the above

Question 7:


a) True
b) False

Question 8:


a) a change in fish species to those generally less desirable for human purposes
b) a fall in waterfowl populations
c) rapid growth in algae and phytoplankton
d) unpleasant odours
e) all of the above

Question 9:


a) eutrophication
b) an invader species
c) overfishing
d) acid deposition
e) agricultural waste pollution

Question 10:


a) the smelting of copper and nickel
b) the burning of coal as the energy source in power plants
c) the burning of oil as the energy source in power plants
d) the running of a gasoline-powered automobile
e) a and b
f) c and d

Question 11:


a) acid deposition
b) acid shock
c) acid build-up
d) acid smelt

Question 12:


a) prairies
b) coasts
c) boreal forest
d) arctic

Question 13:


a) Huron
b) Michigan
c) Erie
d) Ontario

Question 14:


a) True
b) False

Question 15:


a) True
b) False