Edited by Simon Chesterman and Dr. Angelina Fisher
Private actors are increasingly taking on roles traditionally arrogated to the state. Both in the industrialized North and the developing South, functions essential to external and internal security and to the satisfaction of basic human needs are routinely contracted out to non-state agents. In
the area of privatization of security functions, attention by academics and policy makers tends to focus on the activities of private military and security companies, especially in the context of armed conflicts, and their impact on human rights and post-conflict stability and reconstruction. The
first edited volume emerging from New York University School of Law's Institute for International Justice project on private military and security companies, From Mercenaries to Market: The Rise and Regulation of Private Military Companies broadened this debate to situate the private military
phenomenon in the context of moves towards the regulation of activities through market and non-market mechanisms.
Where that first volume looked at the emerging market for use of force, this second volume looks at the transformations in the nature of state authority. Drawing on insights
from work on privatization, regulation, and accountability in the emerging field of global administrative law, the book examines private military and security companies through the wider lens of private actors performing public functions. In the past two decades, the responsibilities delegated to
such actors - especially but not only in the United States - have grown exponentially. The central question of this volume is whether there should be any limits on government capacity to outsource traditionally "public" functions. Can and should a government put out to private tender the fulfilment
of military, intelligence, and prison services? Can and should it transfer control of utilities essential to life, such as the supply of water? This discussion incorporates numerous perspectives on regulatory and governance issues in the private provision of public functions, but focuses primarily
on private actors offering services that impact the fundamental rights of the affected population.
Simon Chesterman & Angelina Fisher: Introduction
Part I: Accountability gaps
1. Michael Likosky: The privatization of violence
2. Olivier De Schutter: The responsibility of states
3. Angelina Fisher: Accountability to whom?
Part II: Lessons from other
4. Daphne Barak-Erez: The privatization continuum
5. Alfred C. Aman, Jr: Private prisons and the democratic deficit
6. Mariana Mota Prado: Regulatory choices in the privatization of infrastructure
7. Rebecca DeWinter-Schmitt: Human rights and self-regulation in the
Part III: Limits
8. Jacqueline Ross: Police informants
9. Simon Chesterman: Intelligence services
10. Chia Lehnardt: Peacekeeping
11. Simon Chesterman & Angelina Fisher: Conclusion: Private security, public order
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Simon Chesterman is Global Professor and Director of the New York University School of Law Singapore Programme, and an Associate Professor of Law at the National University of Singapore. His books include You, The People: The United Nations, Transitional Administration, and State-Building
(Oxford University Press, 2004) and Just War or Just Peace? Humanitarian Intervention and International Law (Oxford University Press, 2001). Angelina Fisher is Institute Fellow and Program Director of the Institute for International Law and Justice. She was one of the primary researchers and authors
of the reports Torture by Proxy: International and Domestic Law Applicable to "Extraordinary Renditions", issued jointly by the Association of the Bar of the City of New York (CHRGJ), and Beyond Guantanamo: Transfers to Torture One Year After Rasul v. Bush, issued by the CHRGJ. Angelina is also a
co-author of Tortured Logic Renditions to Justice, Extraordinary Rendition, and Human Rights Law.
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