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Price: $110.00

Hardback 204 pp.
156 mm x 234 mm



Publication date:
May 2012

Imprint: OUP UK

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The Royal Navy and the German Threat 1901-1914

Admiralty Plans to Protect British Trade in a War Against Germany

Dr. Matthew S. Seligmann

When and why did the Royal Navy come to view the expansion of German maritime power as a threat to British maritime security? Contrary to current thinking, Matthew S. Seligmann argues that Germany emerged as a major threat at the outset of the twentieth century, not because of its growing battle fleet, but because the British Admiralty (rightly) believed that Germany's naval planners intended to arm their country's fast merchant vessels in wartime and send them out to attack British trade in the manner of the privateers of old.

This threat to British seaborne commerce was so serious that the leadership of the Royal Navy spent twelve years trying to work out how best to counter it. Ever more elaborate measures were devised to this end. These included building 'fighting liners' to run down the German ones; devising a specialized warship, the battle cruiser, as a weapon of trade defence; attempting to change international law to prohibit the conversion of merchant vessels into warships on the high seas; establishing a global intelligence network to monitor German shipping movements; and, finally, the arming of British merchant vessels in self-defence.

The manner in which German schemes for commerce warfare drove British naval policy for over a decade before 1914 has not been recognized before. The Royal Navy and the German Threat illustrates a new and important aspect of British naval history.

Readership : Scholars and students interested in naval history and the origins of the First World War; defence and security specialists; readers interested in naval history.

1. Handelskrieg gegen England: German Plans to attack British Commerce in an Anglo-German War
2. Uncovering the Plan: British Intelligence on German Intentions
3. The Dawn of the Lusitania: Germany's Fighting Liners and the Cunard Agreement of July 1903
4. A 'Fighting Cruiser' to Hunt 'the German Greyhounds': The Origins of HMS Invincible Revisited
5. Testing Jurisprudence: Slade's Battle to Change the Laws of War at Sea
6. Establishing a Global intelligence System
7. Churchill's DAMS

There are no Instructor/Student Resources available at this time.

Dr Matthew S. Seligmann is a well-known historian of the pre-First World War era and has written numerous works on the international conflicts of this period. These include Rivalry in Southern Africa, 1893-99 (1998), Spies in Uniform (2006), and Naval Intelligence from Germany (2007). He has also written articles for such journals as BBC History Magazine, The English Historical Review, German History, Historical Research, The International History Review and The Journal of Strategic Studies. One of these, an essay entitled 'A Prelude to the Reforms of Sir John Fisher', won the 2007 Julian Corbett Prize, Britain's premier award for naval history. Another of his works, Does Peace Lead to War? Peace Settlements and Conflict in the Modern Age (2002), was selected by ALA's Choice magazine as one of its Outstanding Academic Titles for 2003.

Writing History - William Kelleher Storey and Towser Jones
The Outbreak of the First World War - Hew Strachan
Steady The Buffs! - Mark Connelly

Special Features

  • New and original scholarship that challenges existing interpretations of British naval policy in the run-up to 1914.
  • Provokes new ideas about the Anglo-German rivalry before the First World War.
  • A new interpretation of the work of Winston Churchill at the Admiralty.
  • Offers a new insight into the history of the ill-fated liner Lusitania.