Dr. Matthew S. Seligmann
When and why did the Royal Navy come to view the expansion of German maritime power as a threat to British maritime security? Contrary to current thinking, Matthew S. Seligmann argues that Germany emerged as a major threat at the outset of the twentieth century, not because of its growing battle
fleet, but because the British Admiralty (rightly) believed that Germany's naval planners intended to arm their country's fast merchant vessels in wartime and send them out to attack British trade in the manner of the privateers of old.
This threat to British seaborne commerce was so
serious that the leadership of the Royal Navy spent twelve years trying to work out how best to counter it. Ever more elaborate measures were devised to this end. These included building 'fighting liners' to run down the German ones; devising a specialized warship, the battle cruiser, as a weapon of
trade defence; attempting to change international law to prohibit the conversion of merchant vessels into warships on the high seas; establishing a global intelligence network to monitor German shipping movements; and, finally, the arming of British merchant vessels in self-defence.
manner in which German schemes for commerce warfare drove British naval policy for over a decade before 1914 has not been recognized before. The Royal Navy and the German Threat illustrates a new and important aspect of British naval history.
1. Handelskrieg gegen England: German Plans to attack British Commerce in an Anglo-German War
2. Uncovering the Plan: British Intelligence on German Intentions
3. The Dawn of the Lusitania: Germany's Fighting Liners and the Cunard Agreement of July 1903
4. A 'Fighting
Cruiser' to Hunt 'the German Greyhounds': The Origins of HMS Invincible Revisited
5. Testing Jurisprudence: Slade's Battle to Change the Laws of War at Sea
6. Establishing a Global intelligence System
7. Churchill's DAMS
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Dr Matthew S. Seligmann is a well-known historian of the pre-First World War era and has written numerous works on the international conflicts of this period. These include Rivalry in Southern Africa, 1893-99 (1998), Spies in Uniform (2006), and Naval Intelligence from Germany (2007). He has
also written articles for such journals as BBC History Magazine, The English Historical Review, German History, Historical Research, The International History Review and The Journal of Strategic Studies. One of these, an essay entitled 'A Prelude to the Reforms of Sir John Fisher', won the 2007
Julian Corbett Prize, Britain's premier award for naval history. Another of his works, Does Peace Lead to War? Peace Settlements and Conflict in the Modern Age (2002), was selected by ALA's Choice magazine as one of its Outstanding Academic Titles for 2003.
- William Kelleher Storey and Towser JonesThe Outbreak of the First World War
- Hew StrachanSteady The Buffs!
- Mark Connelly