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Price: $124.95

Hardback 608 pp.
170 photos; 68 figures; 24 tables; 2 maps, 8.5" x 11"



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Imprint: OUP Canada

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Human Sexuality

A Contemporary Introduction, Second Edition

Edited by Caroline F. Pukall

Balancing biological coverage with an insightful exploration of social and cultural issues, this Canadian contributed text helps students understand human sexuality from a variety of interdisciplinary perspectives. Incorporating the latest research, clinical practice, and up-to-date developments, this second edition opens students' eyes to the richness and diversity of human sexual expressions and experiences in Canada and around the world.

Readership : A core, contributed text intended for introductory human sexuality courses offered primarily out of psychology (but also family studies and health studies) departments at universities and colleges at the second- and third-year levels.


  • "Caroline Pukall has done a great job of creating a truly Canadian text on human sexuality."
    --Shaniff Esmail, University of Alberta

  • "This textbook is well-researched and well-written. . . . Having different authors for each chapter enhances the depth and accuracy of the material."
    --Lisa Dawn Hamilton, Mount Allison University

Note: Each chapter includes:
- Introduction
- Chapter summary
- Debate questions
- Review questions
- Suggestions for further reading and viewing
1. Perspectives on Sexuality, Katherine S. Sutton and Karen L. Blair
"She's A Virgin, but She's No Saint": Rewriting Virginity and Sexual Scripts in "Jane the Virgin"
Sex and Media
- A History of Sex and Advertising in Western Culture
- Sex in Film and on Television
- Sex and the Internet
- Safer Sex Messages
- LGBTQ+ Issues
- Cultural Diversity
How Have Societal Influences Shaped Views of Sexuality?
- Religious and Cultural Views of Sexuality
CULTURE AND DIVERSITY: Sex and Media in Arabic and Japanese Cultures
RESEARCH VS. REAL LIFE: Are Canadians and Americans Different When It Comes to Sexuality?
- Sexual Diversity in Canada
- Polyamory
- Female Toplessness
- Same-Sex Marriage
ETHICAL DEBATE: Should Sexual Orientation Be Considered a Human Right?
- Sex Trade Work
2. Theoretical Approaches to Studying Human Sexuality, Elke D. Reissing and Heather L. Armstrong
What Is the Reproductive Advantage of Same-Sex Orientation?
Psychological Theories of Sexuality
- Psychodynamic Theory
- Learning Theories
RESEARCH VS. REAL LIFE: Should Sex Offenders Avoid Sex?
Biological Theories of Sexuality
- Genetic Theory
- Sociobiological Theory
- The Dual Control Model of Sexuality
Social Constructionist Theories of Sexuality
- Sociological Theory
- Social Script Theory
- The Ecological Model
RESEARCH VS. REAL LIFE: It's Evolution: Casual Sex and Sexual Strategies Theory
Feminist Theory
Queer Theory
How Do Theories Inform Clinical Work with Sexual Problems?
ETHICAL DEBATE: To What Extent Can You Use Theory to Justify Your Own Sexual Choices?
3. Sex Research Methods, Melissa A. Farmer and Caroline F. Pukall
Participating in a Sex Research Study
CULTURE AND DIVERSITY: Using Research to Explore Sexuality in Asian Canadians
ETHICAL DEBATE: "Normal" Sexuality and Clinical Definitions of Sexual Dysfunction
A Historical Overview of Sex Research Methods
- Early Texts
- Modern Texts
- Kinsey's Interview-Based Approach
- Masters and Johnson's Observational Approach
Qualitative vs. Quantitative Approaches to Research
RESEARCH VS. REAL LIFE: Observing Sexual Response as It Happens in the Lab
Sex Research Methods and Designs
Psychophysiological Approaches to Research
- Measures of Genital Sexual Arousal
- Quantitative Sensory Testing
- Brain Imaging Methods
Relevance of Animal Sexuality
- Behavioural Indicators of Sexual Response in Animals
- Rodents as Model Organisms
- Limitations of Animal Models
4. Genital Anatomy and Sexual Response, Caroline F. Pukall and Richard J. Wassersug
Is Sexual Anatomy Restricted to One's Physical Body?
Female Genitals
- External Genitals
CULTURE AND DIVERSITY: Female Genital Mutilation
- Internal Organs
ETHICAL DEBATE: The Anatomical Problem with Backroom Abortions
Male Genitals
- External Genitals
- Internal Organs
Other Areas of Interest: Erogenous Zones
- Female Breasts
The Mechanics of Coital Sex
Sexual Response Cycles
- Masters and Johnson's Sexual Response Cycle
- Other Sexual Response Cycle Models
- Comparing the Models: Sexual Function and Dysfunction
- Age-Related Decreases in Sexual Response
- Sex Differences in Sexual Response
5. Sex Hormones and Human Sexuality, Gillian Einstein, Jennifer Blake, and Annie Duchesne
The Role of Hormones in Sexuality
What Are Hormones?
- What Are Sex Hormones?
ETHICAL DEBATE: Is It a Boy or a Girl?
The Sexual Brain
CULTURE AND DIVERSITY: Are Females and Males Born or Made?
Sex Hormones and Sexuality in the Reproductive Years
- How Hormones Affect Sexuality
- How Sexual Activity and Other Life Factors Affect Hormone Levels
- Oxytocin and Vasopressin: Pleasure and Bonding
Does the Act of Smelling Sex Hormones Lead to Sexual Behaviour?
Sex Hormones, Sexuality, and Aging
RESEARCH VS. REAL LIFE: Passing the Sniff Test, or What Your T-Shirt Might Be Saying about You
- Menopause
- Andropause
6. Pregnancy and Childbirth, Samantha Waxman and Beverley Chalmers
Facebook "Unlikes" Breastfeeding
Pregnancy Detection
Fetal Development
- First Trimester
- Second Trimester
- Third Trimester
Sexuality during Pregnancy
Choice of Caregiver for Normal Births
CULTURE AND DIVERSITY: The Traditional View of Pregnancy in India
Delivery Options
- Vaginal Birth
- C-Section
Immediately after the Baby Is Born
RESEARCH VS. REAL LIFE: C-Section - Modern-Day Miracle?
The Postpartum Period
- Postpartum Emotional Issues
- Sexuality during the Postpartum Period
- Breastfeeding
Complicated Pregnancies
- Ectopic Pregnancy
- Miscarriage (Spontaneous Abortion)
- Rh Incompatibility
- Pregnancy-Induced Hypertension
- Congenital Anomalies
- Preterm Birth/Low Birth Weight
- Anoxia
- Stillbirth
Infertility and Reproductive Technologies
- Psychological Impact of Infertility
- Treatment of Infertility
- Assisted Human Reproduction (AHR)
ETHICAL DEBATE: Cloning: How Far Is Too Far?
- ART-Related Multiple Births
- LGBTQ+ Families and Assisted Reproductive Technologies
7. Contraception and Pregnancy Options, Katherine S. Sutton and Beverley Chalmers
Uh-Oh . . .
Ancient Forms of Birth Control
ETHICAL DEBATE: China's One-Child Policy
A Brief History of Birth Control in Canada
Modern Methods of Birth Control
- Hormonal Contraceptives
- Non-hormonal Intra-uterine Devices and Barrier Methods
- Surgical Methods
- Natural Methods
- Abstinence
- Birth Control Use around the World
- Birth Control Use in Canada Today
RESEARCH VS. REAL LIFE: Male Contraceptive Pill/Injection
The Psychology of Birth Control
- Why Use Birth Control? The Bigger Picture
- Choosing Not to Use Birth Control: Sexual Risk-Taking in Canada
- Talking to Your Partner about Contraception
Emergency Contraception
- The Emergency Contraceptive Pill
- Post-coital IUD Insertion
Unwanted Pregnancies
- Who Gets Abortions?
- A Brief History of Abortion in Canada
- Types of Abortions
CULTURE AND DIVERSITY: Abortion around the World
- The Psychological Effects of Abortion
- The Pro-choice-Pro-life Debate
8. Sexually Transmitted Infections: At the Junction of Biology and Behaviour, William A. Fisher and Marc Steben
Judy and Chris
Back to the Future: STIs Past and Present
- A Brief History of Syphilis and Herpes
- A Brief History of HIV/AIDS
RESEARCH VS. REAL LIFE: Do Good Values Make Bad Science?
The STI Hit Parade
- Bacterial STIs
- Viral STIs
RESEARCH VS. REAL LIFE: HPV Prevention: A Revolution in Women's Health?
ETHICAL DEBATE: Which Side Are You On? Stimulating Sexual Interest and Sexual Activity among HIV-Positive Persons
- Strange Bedfellows: Other Genital Concerns
STI Screening and STI Testing: How to Approach the Topic with a (Potential) Sexual Partner
Is There a Reasonable Way to Be Sexual in the New Millennium?
- Think about Sex
CULTURE AND DIVERSITY: HIV/AIDS - Prevention Interventions in the United States and South Africa
- Use Condoms
- Get Vaccinated
- Take Secondary Prevention Measures
- Check Out - but Don't Rely On - Your Partner's Sexual and Injection Drug Use History
9. Sexuality over the Lifespan, Elke D. Reissing and Heather L. Armstrong
Life Stages
Sexuality in Infancy and Early Childhood
- Sexuality Education during Childhood
Sexuality in Preadolescence
Sexuality in Adolescence
- Sexual Activity during Adolescence
- Sexuality among LGBTQ+ Adolescents
Sexuality in Adulthood
- Being Single
ETHICAL DEBATE: Sexuality and Disability
- Dating
- Living Together
CULTURE AND DIVERSITY: Attitudes toward Premarital Sex across Different Cultures
RESEARCH VS. REAL LIFE: Long-Distance Relationships Are Doomed . . . Right?
- Getting Married
- Extradyadic Sex
- Divorce
Sexuality and Older Adults
- Physical Effects of Aging and Their Association with Changes in Sexuality
- Sexual Activity in Older Adults
- Safer Sex among Sexually Active Older Adults
10. Gender, Meredith L. Chivers
What Gender Do We Raise Our Child?
Gender or Sex?
- Nature and Nurture: Theoretical Perspectives on Gender and Sexuality
Gender Differences or Similarities in Sexuality?
- Masturbation, Numbers of Sexual Partners, Attitudes toward Casual Sex, and Erotica Use
- Sexual Orientation
- Patterns of Sexual Response
- Reporting Biases
Disorders of Sexual Development
- Sex Chromosome Variations
- Sex Hormone Variations
- Physical Traumas and Congenital Variations
Gender Development in Childhood
- What Factors Shape a Child's Sense of Gender Identity and Gender Roles?
ETHICAL DEBATE: Is It Possible to Raise a Child Genderless?
- Gender Variation in Childhood and Adolescence
Trans Identities
- Life Experiences and Sexual Orientations of Transmen and Transwomen
- Transitioning to the Felt Gender and Sex
RESEARCH VS. REAL LIFE: Autogynephilia
- The Choice Not to Transition
CULTURE AND DIVERSITY: A Third (or More) Gender(s)?
11. Sexual/Affectional Orientations and Diversity, Kevin Alderson
Charlie's Struggle with Same-Sex Attraction
Sexual/Affectional Orientations and Identities
- Sexual vs. Affectional Orientations
- Attempts to Measure Sexual/Affectional Orientations
- Identity Labels
- Asexuality
Prejudice against Same-Sex Oriented Individuals
- Conversion Therapy
RESEARCH VS. REAL LIFE: The Negative Effects of Hate Speech
Theories of Affectional Orientation and Sexual Identity Development
- Affectional Orientation Development
- Sexual Identity Development
Self-Identification and Identity Disclosure
- Self-Identification as Lesbian, Gay, or Bisexual
- Identity Disclosure
CULTURE AND DIVERSITY: Global and Cross-Cultural Findings Regarding Sexual Diversity
ETHICAL DEBATE: Should You Help a Child Become Gender Conforming?
Relationships and Sex
- Intimate Relationships
- Bisexuality and Relationships
- Same-Sex Sexual Behaviour
LGB Parenting and Adoption
12. Attraction, Intimacy, and Love, Kelly B. Smith
Keeping the Magic Alive
- Proximity
- Physical Attractiveness
- Reciprocity and Uncertainty
- Similarity
- Menstrual-Cycle Effects
- Do Opposites Attract?
Pick-Up Strategies: What Works for Men, and What Works for Women?
- What is Intimacy?
- Attachment Theory
- Hooking Up and Casual Sex
- What Is Love?
CULTURE AND DIVERSITY: Cross-cultural Views on Love
- Different Types of Love: Passionate and Companionate
- Theories of Love
RESEARCH VS. REAL LIFE: Attraction, Intimacy, and Love over Time
- Love for Objects
Optimal Sexuality
- Different Types of Jealousy: Sexual and Emotional
- Social Networking Sites and Jealousy
The Role of Online Technologies in Love, Attraction, and Intimacy
13. Sexual Communication, Uzma S. Rehman, Erin E. Fallis, and Siobhan E. Sutherland
Let's Talk About Sex
Communication in Intimate Relationships
- Couples' Communication Behaviours
- Patterns of Couples' Communication
How Do Researchers Study Couples' Communication?
- Gender Differences in Heterosexual Couples' Communication
Sexual Communication
CULTURE AND DIVERSITY: Differences in Couples' Communication Styles across Cultures
- Importance of Sexual Communication
- Why Do Couples Find It Challenging to Talk about Their Sexual Relationship?
- Should We Ask Couples to Discuss Sexual Topics for Research Purposes?
- Do Same-Sex Couples Have Different Patterns of Sexual Communication than Mixed-Sex Couples Have?
ETHICAL DEBATE: What Responsibility Do Psychologists Have to Break or Protect Confidentiality If an Individual Discloses Information about Risky Sexual Behaviours?
- Understanding Sexual Consent
- How to Communicate Effectively with One's Partner about Sexuality
RESEARCH VS. REAL LIFE: Who Should Give Children "the Talk," and When Should It Happen?
14. Sexual Behaviours and Relationships, Natalie O. Rosen and Sheila MacNeil
A "Friends with Benefits" Relationship
Introduction: What Does It Mean to "Have Sex"?
First Sexual Experiences
- Expectations of and Reactions to First Sexual Experiences
- Virginity
ETHICAL DEBATE: Should Doctors Perform "Revirgination" Surgery for Cultural and Social Reasons?
Sexual Consent
Varieties of Sexual Behaviours
- Solitary Sexual Behaviours
- Partnered Sexual Behaviours
RESEARCH VS. REAL LIFE: Prevalence of Oral Sex among Adolescents
Sexual Satisfaction and Sexual Preferences
- Sexual Satisfaction
- Sexual Preferences
CULTURE AND DIVERSITY: Acculturation and Sexuality in East Asian Canadians
Use of Sex Toys to Increase Sexual Pleasure
Diversity in Sexual Relationships
- Monogamous Relationships
- Non-monogamous Relationships
- Theoretical Perspectives on How Media Influences Sexuality
- Positive and Negative Influences of Media on Sexuality
- The Internet
- Sexually Explicit Material
15. Variations in Sexual Behaviour, Katherine S. Sutton and Caroline F. Pukall
Morpheous Speaks, and You'd Better Listen!
Introduction: What Is "Normal" Sexual Behaviour?
How Are Atypical Sexual Behaviours Defined?
- Diagnosing Paraphilic Disorders
What Are the Commonly Identified Atypical Sexual Behaviours?
Paraphilias and Paraphilic Disorders that Involve Preferences for Atypical Activities
- Atypical Preferences Related to Courtship
- Atypical Preferences for Algolagnic Activities
Paraphilias and Paraphilic Disorders that Involve Preferences for Atypical Target
- Pedophilic Disorder
- Paraphilias and Paraphilic Disorders Not Directed at Humans
ETHICAL DEBATE: Bug Chasing (and I am not referring to running after insects)
Other Specified Paraphilic Disorders
CULTURE AND DIVERSITY: The Child Sex Trade in Southeast Asia
What Factors Play a Role in the Development and Maintenance of Paraphilias/Paraphilic Disorders?
- Psychoanalytic Theory
- Behavioural Theory
- Neurological Findings
-Theories of Development and Maintenance of Pedophilic Disorder
Sex Differences in Paraphilias
Assessment of Paraphilic Disorders
Treatment of Paraphilic Disorders
- CBT and Relapse-Prevention Techniques
- Self-Esteem and Social-Skills Training
- Mindfulness and Emotion Regulation
RESEARCH VS. REAL LIFE: Sex Offender Registries
- Satiation Therapy
- Orgasmic Reconditioning
- Aversion Therapy
- Community-Based Support Programs
- Medical Treatments
16. Sexual Dysfunctions, Peggy J. Kleinplatz
A New Baby
Causes of Sexual Problems
- Intrapsychic Factors in the Development of Sexual Problems
- Interpersonal/Relational Factors in the Development of Sexual Problems
- Cultural/Psychosocial Factors in the Development of Sexual Problems
- Organic Factors in the Development of Sexual Problems
- Quality of Sexual/Erotic Contact as a Factor in the Development of Sexual Problems
Sexual Difficulties in Men and Women
- Sexual Desire and Arousal Disorders in Men and Women
- Sexual Desire Discrepancy
- Can Too Much Desire and Arousal Be an Issue?
- Arousal Problems in Women
- Erectile Disorder
- Orgasmic Disorders in Men and Women
- Sexual Concerns Related to Pain
Therapy for Sexual Difficulties
RESEARCH VS. REAL LIFE: Botox Injections for Vaginismus
- Sex Therapy in the New Millennium
ETHICAL DEBATE: Pink Viagra for Women?
17. Sexual Assault and Harassment, Scott T. Ronis
When Too Much Is Not Enough: Presumption of Innocence in Sexual Assault Cases
Introduction: Terms Related to Unwanted Sex-Related Behaviours
Why Is It Important to Understand Sexual Aggression?
Sexual Assault and Rape
- Prevalence and Incidence of Sexual Assault
- Human Sex Trafficking
- Effects of Sexual Assault
- Reasons for Sexual Assault
CULTURE AND DIVERSITY: Marital Rape Lost in Translation
- Practical Advice Following a Sexual Assault
- Legal Sanctions for Sexual Assault
- Sexual Victimization of Men
ETHICAL DEBATE: Ethical Issues in Rounding Up the Usual "Sex-spects"
- Childhood Sexual Abuse
Sexual Harassment
RESEARCH VS. REAL LIFE: Should We Treat Juvenile Sexual Offenders Like Adult Sexual Offenders?
- Sexual Harassment as an Employee
- Sexual Harassment as a Student
- Effects of Sexual Harassment
- Reasons for Sexual Harassment
- Legal Sanctions for Sexual Harassment
- Effects of Stalking
- Characteristics of Stalkers
- Reasons for Stalking
- Legal Sanctions for Stalking
18. Selling and Buying Sex, Kevin Alderson
What Do You Do with Tracy?
Growth of the Sex Industry
Selling and Buying Sex
Sex Trade Work
- A Snapshot of the History of STW in Canada
- Legal Aspects of STW
CULTURE AND DIVERSITY: The Decriminalization of STW in New Zealand and Australia
- Types of STW
- Who Works in the Sex Trade, and Why?
- If You Sell Sex, Do You Enjoy Sex?
- Underage STWs
- The Impact of STW on Physical and Psychological Health
- Male STWs
Exotic Dancing
Pornography, Erotica, and Sexually Explicit Material
ETHICAL DEBATE: What Approach Should We Take to Exotic Dancing in Canada?
- Effects of Consuming SEM
RESEARCH VS. REAL LIFE: How about Erotica Instead of Violence on Television?
- Internet SEM
- Addiction to SEM
- Being a "Porn Star"
19. Sexual Health Education in Canada, Stéphanie C. Boyer and Shannon M. Coyle
Let's Talk About Sex
Sexual Health Education in Canada
- Goals and Principles
- Theory
- Curriculum and Delivery
Effectiveness of Sexual Education: How Is Canada Doing?
- Knowledge
- Motivation
- Behaviour
Learning About Sex Outside the Classroom
- Parents and Peers
RESEARCH VS. REAL LIFE: Does Talking about Sex Lead to Sex?
- Media and Technology
Barriers to Sex Education
- Institutional Barriers
- Socio-demographic Factors
CULTURE AND DIVERSITY: Sex Education in Canadian Aboriginal Populations
ETHICAL DEBATE: Sexuality in Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities

Instructor's Manual:
- Sample syllabi
For each chapter:
- Chapter summary
- 3-5 learning objectives
- 3-5 ideas for class discussion
- 2-3 classroom activities
- 12-15 annotated recommended readings
- 5 online sources
- 3-5 film/video clips
PowerPoint slides:
For each chapter:
- 20-30 chapter outline slides
Test Generator:
For each chapter:
- 90 multiple choice questions
- 20 short answer questions
- 5-9 essay questions
Student Study Guide:
- Chapter summaries
- Key terms
- Review questions
- Online resources
- 1 self-grading quiz per chapter
-- 25 multiple choice questions
-- 10 true-or-false questions
-- 10 fill-in-the-blank questions
-- Answer key with page references
- Mid-term review and final examination practice tests
Image Bank:
- Figures, tables, and photos from the text
E-Book (ISBN 9780199023141)

Caroline Pukall is a full professor in the department of psychology at Queen's University. She is also the director of the university's Sex Therapy Service and has been involved in sexuality research and therapy for over a decade. Her research focusses on sexual pain in women, arousal, and same-sex relationships, and involves the use of multiple research methodologies.

Professor Pukall has published over 40 articles in peer-reviewed journals and contributed numerous chapters to other texts. She has also co-edited the medical textbook Female Sexual Pain Disorders: Evaluation and Management (Wiley-Blackwell, 2009) and co-authored a self-help book entitled When Sex Hurts: A Woman's Guide to Banishing Sexual Pain (Da Capo, 2011). In addition, she serves on several editorial boards (including the Archives of Sexual Behaviour) and is an associate editor for The Journal of Sexual Medicine. An expert in her field, Pukall was also an advisor to the task force and working group of the DSM-V definition of sexual pain disorders.

Sex, Gender and Sexuality - Abby L. Ferber, Kimberly Holcomb and Tre Wentling
Sexualities - Michael Kimmel and The Stony Brook Sexualities Research Group
Canadian Perspectives in Sexualities Studies - Edited by Diane Naugler
Speaking of Sexuality - Edited by Nelwyn B. Moore, J. Kenneth Davidson, Sr. and Terri D. Fisher

Special Features

  • Contributed by Canadian experts from diverse backgrounds, including distinguished scholars, researchers, and sexual health clinicians, showcasing the innovative research being done in this country.
  • The only ground-up Canadian human sexuality book available, this comprehensive textbook represents the diversity of Canadians and sexuality in Canada.
  • Cutting-edge coverage - grounded in a standalone chapter on theory (Ch. 2), the text draws on the latest research findings to reflect the current state of the discipline and includes up-to-date explorations of evolving topics.
  • Interdisciplinary approach - including insights from psychology, biology, sociology, cultural studies, public policy, legal studies, and medicine - offers students well-rounded coverage of all facets of human sexuality.
  • Features separate chapters on sexual communication (Ch. 13) and sex education in Canada (Ch. 19) to provide thorough coverage of these areas of study that are especially important to students.
  • Student-friendly tone presents complex themes and examples in a clear, sensitive, and approachable way.
  • Chapter-opening case studies pique student interest through engaging practical examples and real-life situations that apply to the chapter material. Questions for Critical Thought and Reflection follow each case study, encouraging students to make connections between theory and practice.
  • Eye-catching photos, cartoons, figures, and tables bring the discussion to life and help students approach complex concepts and data in new ways.
  • Engaging boxes in every chapter highlight key themes and encourage students to think critically about issues in human sexuality.
  • Research vs. Real Life boxes highlight where research findings and real-life experiences fail to connect while also exploring how studies can be misinterpreted by the media and the general population.
  • Culture and Diversity boxes explore cultural perspectives from across the world and within Canada on a variety of issues such as pregnancy, female genital mutilation, and premarital sex.
  • Ethical Debate boxes encourage students to think critically about moral debates in the field such as sex work, abortion, and the notion of sexual orientation as a human right.
New to this Edition
  • New and expanded coverage of key topics - including sexual consent (Ch. 13), queer theory (Ch. 2), two-spirit people within Aboriginal culture (Ch. 10), and LGBTQ+ families and assisted reproductive technologies (Ch.6) - offers students cutting edge insight into the latest research and developments in the field.
  • New chapter-opening case studies explore current issues such as the media's depictions of women's sexuality, creative ways in which people with disabilities express their sexuality, and the legal system's treatment of sexual assault cases.
  • New Dashboard icons, appearing throughout each chapter, direct students to access online activities related to what they are learning.
  • Greater regional Canadian coverage of different approaches to sexuality across Canadian provinces and territories, including access to abortion services (Ch. 7), levels of access to HPV vaccine (Ch.8), attitudes towards the new sex trade worker laws (Ch. 18), and sex education curriculum (Ch. 19).
  • Revised to enhance consistency in reading level and flow, making this edition even more accessible to students.