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Paperback 592 pp.
111 photos; 34 figures; 28 tables, 8" x 10"



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Imprint: OUP Canada

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Introduction to International Development

Approaches, Actors, Issues, and Practice, Third Edition

Paul A. Haslam, Jessica Schafer and Pierre Beaudet

Introduction to International Development is a collection of contributed chapters comprised of original essays by leading experts from a variety of disciplines. With ten new chapters and a new part on the practice of international development, this fully revised edition continues to give students a foundational overview to the field as well as in-depth coverage of issues at the heart of today's most pressing international debates.

Readership : First- and second-year introductory courses on international development.


  • "[Introduction to International Development is a] well-researched and documented book that addresses the key concerns of international development in this era of globalization. . . . This book will appeal to undergraduate students tremendously."
    --Guna Kulasegaram, University of New Brunswick

  • "[This text is] particularly strong in terms of the breadth of themes covered, and in the inclusion of highly visible, well-respected, and critically oriented scholars, who provide well-researched articles."
    --Kate Ervine, Saint Mary's University

Part I: Theories and Approaches in International Development
1. Meaning, Measurement, and Morality in International Developmentment, Jessica Schafer, Paul A. Haslam, and Pierre Beaudet
What Is the Developing World?
Labelling in International Development
Growth, Inequality, Poverty, and Development
Global Ethics and International Development
Ethical Behaviour and the Development Practitioner
2. Imperialism and the Colonial Experience, Erica Allina
European Expansion and Conquest
Rival Empires of Trade
"High" Imperialism in Africa
Common Themes in the Colonial Experience
3. Theories of Development, Radhika Desai
Development Avant La Lettre
The Moment of Development
Disputing Development
Conclusion: Whither Development?
4. Post-Development and Alternatives to Development, Aram Ziai (NEW)
The Origins of Post-Development
Post-Development: Core Arguments
Alternatives to Development
Debating Post-Development
Conclusion: Two Positions
5. Gender and Development: Theoretical Contributions, International Commitments, and Global Campaigns, Rebecca Tiessen, Jane Parpart, and Marianne H. Marchand (NEW)
Theoretical Contributions and Feminist Insights
Masculinities, Gender-Based Violence and (In)security
International Commitments and Global Campaigns
Taking Stock: Achievements, Possibilities and Ongoing Gaps in Gender and Development
6. Globalization and Development, Pierre Beaudet
Globalization and Developing Countries
Another Globalization?
Movement from Below
Can the World Change?
Facing the Biggest Challenge
Looking Ahead
Part II: International Development Actors
7. State of the State: Does the State Have a Role in Development?, Anil Hira
What Is the State? The Legacy of Colonialism
Defining the State's Role in Development
Central Debates about the Role of the State in Economic Development
Governance as a Process of Democratization
8. National Development Agencies and Bilateral Aid, Stephen Brown
Clarifying the Terminology
Overview of Aid Donors
Donor Motives
Characteristics of Donors
Aid Recipients
9. The International Financial Institutions, Marcus Taylor
The Origins of the IMF and World Bank
Governance Structures
The Turbulent 1970s
The Debt Crisis, Structural Adjustment, and Conditionality
Beyond Structural Adjustment?
The World Bank, Good Governance, and Institution-Building
The IMF and the Asian Crisis
Into the New Millennium: Poverty Reduction and Country Ownership
A New Crisis or a New Beginning?
10. The United Nations and Multilateral Actors in Development, David Sogge
The United Nations System
The Agencies
Trends and Prospects for UN Agencies
Multilateral Organizations Anchored in Western Governments
Multilateral Organizations Anchored in Non-Western Governments
One World, Many Regions
11. Private Enterprise and Development, Paul A. Haslam
Entrepreneurship and Small-Scale Enterprise
What Is a Multinational Corporation?
What Motivates Multinationals to Go Abroad?
Relationship between States and Multinationals
International Regulation of MNCS
Corporate Social Responsibility
Partnerships for Development
12. Civil Society and Development, Henry Veltmeyer
Civil Society: The Itinerary of a Concept
Civil Society in Context
The Economic and Political Dynamics of Development and Civil Society
The Emergence of a Global Civil Society: The Political Dynamics of Anti-Globalization
Civil Society and Local Development
NGOs: Catalysts for Development or Agents of Outside Interests?
Civil Society and Multinational Corporations
Development beyond Neoliberalism: Civil Society and the State
Globalization, the State, and Civil Society
Part III: Issues in International Development
13. China and the Emerging Economies, Jing Gu (NEW)
China's Approach to International Development
China in Africa
New Development Thinking and Institutions
The BRICS and Other Emerging Economies
14. Debt and Development, Joseph Hanlon and Tim Jones
Lending to Developing Countries
Governments, Politics, the Cold War, and the Debt Crisis
The 1980s Debt Crisis and HIPC
The South and the Poor Pay to Solve the Northern Crisis
What Is the Responsibility of the Lender?
15. Free Trade, Fair Trade, and South-South Trade, Gavin Fridell
Free Trade and Fair Trade Since 1945
The Limits of a Trade Perspective: "It's Not about Free Trade"
The Rise of South-South Trade
The Future of International Trade: "Dynamic" or "Defying" Comparative Advantage?
16. Democracy, Cédric Jourde
Clarifying the Concepts: A Difficult Task
"Waves" of Democratization
Explaining Democratization: Structures or Actors? The National or International Arena?
After Democratic Transition: Consolidation or a Return to Authoritarian Rule?
The Causal Weight of Democratization in Economic and Social Development
17. Climate Change, Environment, and Development, Chukwumerije Okereke and Abu-Bakar Siddiq Massaquoi (NEW)
The Central Paradox and Contending Approaches
A History of Global Environmentalism and International Co-Operation for Sustainable Development
Climate Change
Controversies and Crosscutting Themes
18. Rural Development, Joshua Ramisch
Putting the "Rural" in Context
Rural Transformations
19. Urban Development: Cities in the Global South, Anne Latendresse, Lisa Bornstein, and Jane Reid
Understanding Urbanization
Urbanization across Time and Space
Urban Crisis and the Challenge of Sustainable Urban Development
Cities, Globalization, and Socio-Spatial Fragmentation
The Expansion of Slums
Forces of Change: International Institutions, Local Governments, and Grassroots Initiatives
The Right to the City
Future Needs
20. Development and Health, Ted Schrecker
Introduction: Wealth, Health, and the Rest of the Story
"Great Divides" and Socio-Economic Gradients
Globalization and Health: Trade and Investment Agreements as a Case Study
The Changing Landscape of Global Health and Development Policy
Development and Health: The Uncertain Future
21. Conflict and Development, Torunn Wimpelmann and Astri Suhrke
Posing the Question
Definitions, Approaches, and Methods
Conflict and Development: Perspectives and Findings
Development as a Conflictual Process: No Development Without Conflict?
Dealing with the Development-Conflict Nexus: Intervention and Peace-Building
Learning from History
22. Information Technologies and Development, Erwin Alampay
Technology and Society
The Information Society
ICTs and Society
The Digital Divide
Using ICTs for Development
23. Culture and Development, Nissim Mannathukkaren
What Is Culture?
The Cultural Versus the Material
Culture as Domination and Culture as Resistance
The Cultural Turn
Part IV: Practice in International Development
24. Understanding Global Poverty Reduction: Ideas, Actors, and Institution, David Hulme and Sophie King (NEW)
Poverty in Social and Development Theory
What Is Poverty?
Development as Poverty Reduction: A Brief History
Reducing Poverty: Ideas, Actors, and Institutions
Material Capabilities and National Interests
What Has Been Achieved?
25. Measuring and Evaluating Poverty, Keetie Roelen (NEW)
Evolution of Thinking on Poverty
Monetary Poverty
Multidimensional Poverty
Different Measures - Different Outcomes
Poverty Measurement and Policy
26. Inequality and Social Policy, Arjan de Haan
What Is Inequality?
Approaches to Social Policy
Conclusion: Measuring Social Policy Success
27. Planning and Appraising Development Projects, David Potts (NEW)
What Is a Project?
The Project Process
Planning Projects and the Logical Framework
Project Appraisal
Financial Analysis
Economic Analysis
Externalities and the Environment
Shadow Prices
Discount Rate
Cost Effectiveness Analysis and the Social Sectors
Sensitivity and Risk Analysis
28. Humanitarian Assistance and Intervention, Laura Hammond (NEW)
History of Humanitarian Action
Dunantist and Wilsonian Humanitarian Organizations
Contemporary Challenges to Humanitarianism
Principled Action: Neutrality and Impartiality
Ethical Dilemmas
29. Ethics of Development, Des Gasper (NEW)
Historical Context
Justice and Harm; Rights and Responsibilities
Reflection on Meanings of Well-Being and Ill-Being
Activities and Tools in Development Ethics

Instructor's Manual:
For each chapter:
- Learning objectives
- Chapter summaries
- 3-4 key concepts
- 4-5 discussion and debate ideas
- 4-5 annotated film and news clips
- 3-5 teaching aids: annotated lists of books, articles, and websites
- Glossary of terms
Test Generator:
- 3 essay questions per part
For each chapter:
- 25 multiple choice questions
- 25 true-or-false questions
- 20 short answer questions
PowerPoint Slides:
- Fully updated lecture outline slides
Student Study Guide:
- Chapter summaries and key terms lists
- Podcasts
For each chapter:
- 15 multiple choice questions
- 15 true-or-false questions
- 7 short answer questions
E-Book (ISBN 9780199018918)

Paul Haslam is associate professor in the International Development and Globalization program at the University of Ottawa.

Jessica Schafer was assistant professor at the International Development and Globalization program at the University of Ottawa from 2006-2008. She is currently assistant manager of performance audit at the Office of the Auditor General of British Columbia.

Pierre Beaudet is associate professor in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at the University of Ottawa.

Making Sense in the Social Sciences - Margot Northey, Lorne Tepperman and Patrizia Albanese
Introduction to International Studies - Brian Orend
Politics in the Developing World - Edited by Peter Burnell, Vicky Randall and Lise Rakner
Poverty and Development - Edited by Tim Allen and Alan Thomas

Special Features

  • Canadian and international coverage gives students a balanced and accurate look at international development.
  • Contributions by development experts from a variety of disciplines - including political science, sociology, and geography - address the breadth and interdisciplinary nature of the field.
  • Historically grounded coverage of key development theories and the contexts from which they emerged help students grasp the fundamentals of the discipline.
  • Accessible and inclusive approach presents complex theory in a way that is understandable to students from a diverse range of academic backgrounds and nationalities.
  • Engaging pedagogy includes learning objectives, chapter summaries, questions for critical thought, and an expanded glossary to encourage students to identify and synthesize key points in each chapter.
  • Thought-provoking boxes explore major concepts, issues, and events, helping students make connections between developmental theories and real-world situations.
  • - Important Concepts boxes highlight various theoretical perspectives and contributions from influential scholars, activists, and institutions.
  • - Critical Issues boxes examine topics from around the world that students can analyze using theories discussed in the text.
  • - Current Events boxes draw attention to contemporary news stories that relate to international development.
New to this Edition
  • New part on the practice of international development includes six new chapters on global poverty reduction (Ch. 24), measuring poverty (Ch. 25), inequality and social policy (Ch. 26), planning projects (Ch. 27), humanitarian assistance (Ch. 28), and development ethics (Ch. 29).
  • Four additional new chapters throughout expose students to key topics such as alternatives to development (Ch. 4), gender and development (Ch. 5), China and emerging economies (Ch. 13), and climate change (Ch. 17).
  • Brand new full-colour design will draw students in to the study of international development.