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Paperback 464 pp.
16 figures; 10 tables; 1 map; 15 photos, 6" x 9"



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Imprint: OUP Canada

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Visions of the Heart

Issues Involving Aboriginal Peoples in Canada, Fourth Edition

David Long and Olive Patricia Dickason

Visions of the Heart is a contributed volume that offers a rich, in-depth study of contemporary issues involving Aboriginal peoples in Canada. This thought-provoking collection brings together leading Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal scholars from across the country to explore the relationships between First Nations, Métis, and Inuit peoples and other Canadians throughout the country's history to the present day. Extensively updated throughout, with new essays on identity, the environment, gender, art, and criminal justice, the fourth edition is an indispensable resource for students wanting to understand the current scope of Aboriginal issues in Canada today.

Readership : First-, second-, and third-year students taking Introduction to Aboriginal Studies courses or Aboriginal history, Aboriginal rights, Aboriginal relations, or Aboriginal philosophy courses.


  • "The authors have put together a comprehensive picture of contemporary Aboriginal issues in a thought-provoking and accurate way."
    --Bret Nickels, University of Manitoba

  • "The range of scholars included in this collection is a major strength, and the contributors are well-known experts in their respective fields."
    --Lianne Leddy, Wilfrid Laurier University

David Long
1. Indigenous Eco-Technological Knowings Meet University Satellite Campus Teachings on the Rez
Peter Cole
2. All Our Relations: Aboriginal Perspectives on Environmental Issues in Canada
Deborah McGregor
- Aboriginal Concepts of Environment: All of Creation
- Historical Context: Dispossession of Lands and the Environmental Crisis
- Increasing Aboriginal Control in Environmental Governance
- Moving Forward: Nation-to-Nation Relationships
3. The "Canada Problem" in Aboriginal Politics
David Newhouse and Yale Belanger
- Aboriginal Peoples and Canada
- The Colonial Legacy
- Addressing the "Indian Problem" in the Second Half of the Twentieth Century
- Addressing the "Canada Problem"
- The Push for Aboriginal Self-Government
- Into the Twenty-First Century
- Concluding Remarks on a Way Forward
4. Elders' Teachings in the Twenty-First Century: A Personal Reflection
Marlene Brant Castellano
- Viewing the Landscape from a Particular Place
- Uncovering Layers of Meaning
- Sites of Learning
- Teaching Methods and Key Concepts
- Catalysts for Institutional Change
- Preserving the Integrity of Traditional Knowledge
5. Foundations: First Nation and Métis Families
Kim Anderson and Jessica Ball
- Looking Back
- First Nation and Métis Families Today
- Putting the Pieces Back Together
6. First Nations Women in Canada
Cora J. Voyageur
- First Nations Women: From Essential to Redundant
- Subordination of Indigenous Women
- The Manipulation of the Historical Record by the Literate
- Eliminating the People of the Terra Nullius
- The Yoke of Oppression: The Indian Act
- The Beginning of Change
- Taking Back Their Voices
- Contemporary First Nations Women's Concerns
7. Indigenous Men: Masculinity and Leadership
Lee Maracle and John Swift
- Contemporary Conversation on Indigenous Leadership
- Contemporary Governance Challenges for Indigenous Peoples
- Land, Love, and Leadership
- Weaving New Webs
- Strategic Planning with Sto:lo Elders and the Rabbit Society (Sakej Ward)
- Questioning Male Privilege (John Swift)
8. Aboriginal Demography
Don Kerr and Roderic Beaujot
- Pre-Contact Demography
- Health and Mortality Conditions
- European Contact, Excessive Mortality, and Population Decline
- Population Decline and Recovery
- The Contemporary Situation
- The Dynamics of Population Change
- Demographic Differences by Aboriginal Group
9. Aboriginal Languages in Canada: Generational and Community Perspectives on Language Maintenance, Loss, and Revitalization
Mary Jane Norris
- Factors Endangering Aboriginal Languages in Canada: From Colonization to Globalization
- Understanding Language Endangerment and Revitalization: From Conceptual Explanation to Demographic and Geographic Analysis
- Aboriginal Language Revitalization in Canada: Attitudes, Benefits, Initiatives and Ongoing Developments
- Generations Preparing for the Future
10. Learning from Indigenous Knowledge in Education
Jan Hare and Sara Florence Davidson
- The Role of Indigenous Knowledge in Traditional Education
- Colonizing Indigenous Knowledge in Education
- The Intergenerational Legacy of Residential Schooling
- Creating Space for Indigenous Knowledge in Education Today
- The Way Ahead
11. Art and Reconciliation
Jonathan Dewar
- Where Are We?
- Community and Responsibility
- Defining/Defying Reconciliation
- Art and Healing
- Commemoration
12. A Way Forward in Efforts to Support the Health and Well-Being of Canada's Aboriginal Peoples
Martin Cooke and David Long
- The RCAP: Clarifying a Vision for Aboriginal Health and Healing
- Jurisdiction and Responsibility for Aboriginal Health
- Perspectives on Health: Western and Indigenous
- The Changing View of (Public) Health in Canada
- The Demography and Social Epidemiology of Aboriginal Health
- Explanations for Health Inequalities: Biology, Behaviour, and Society
- Indigenous and Community-Based Health Research
- Changing Relationships and Continuing Tensions
- Conclusion: Living with Contradictions
13. Aboriginal Communities in the City: Reflections along the Path to Self-Government
Kevin FitzMaurice and Don McCaskill
- Part 1: Urban Aboriginal Community Profiles in Canada
- Part 2: Urban Aboriginal Identities, Community, and Governance
- Emerging Questions and Challenges: Urban Aboriginal Governance, Aboriginal Rights, and Cultural Diversity
- Recommended Areas for Further Research
14. The Failed Foreign System of Criminal Justice and the Problem with Canada
Lisa Monchalin
- Introduction: The Continued Failure of the Canadian Criminal Justice System
- Incarceration and Victimization of Aboriginal Peoples
- The Standard Response to Aboriginal Criminal Justice: Police, the Courts, and Corrections
- "The Roots of Injustice Lie in Our History"
- The Way Forward: Re-establishing Peace, Friendship, and Indigenous Systems of Justice
15. Reconciliation and a Way Forward: A Concluding Dialogue
David Newhouse and David Long
- Reconciliation
- Moving Forward

Test Bank
For each chapter:
-- 15-20 mutliple choice questions
-- 15-20 true-or-false questions
-- 3-5 short answer questions
-- 3-5 essay questions
Student Study Guide
- Chapter outlines
- Learning objectives
- Study questions
- Further readings and suggested websites
E-Book (ISBN 9780199014781)

David Long is a professor of sociology at The King's University in Edmonton.

The late Olive Patricia Dickason was professor emeritus at the University of Alberta and adjunct professor of history at the University of Ottawa. She was the author of several books, named a Member of the Order of Canada in 1996, and received the Aboriginal Life Achievement Award, Canadian Native Arts Foundation, in 1997.

Aboriginal History - Kristin Burnett and Geoff Read
A Concise History of Canada's First Nations - The late Olive Patricia Dickason and William Newbigging
Philosophy and Aboriginal Rights - Edited by Sandra Tomsons and Lorraine Mayer
Canada's First Nations - The late Olive Patricia Dickason and David T. McNab

Native Peoples - Edited by C. Roderick Wilson and Christopher Fletcher
Racism, Colonialism, and Indigeneity in Canada - Edited by Martin J. Cannon and Lina Sunseri
First Nations in the Twenty-First Century - James S. Frideres

Special Features

  • Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal contributors offer an insightful and balanced overview of Aboriginal issues in Canada.
  • Explores both persistent and new issues, providing comprehensive coverage and valuable context for students.
  • Thematic approach helps students grasp important concepts and make connections between different Aboriginal groups and regions.
  • Encourages critical thinking about evolving issues in each chapter through a critical retrospective on the past 15 years of developments since the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples (RCAP).
  • Offers a unique perspective on Aboriginal issues and the future directions of their communities and relations with non-Aboriginals.
  • Coverage of identity throughout exposes students to the rich traditions and ideologies of Aboriginal peoples.
New to this Edition
  • Five new chapters written exclusively for this edition:
  • -- Chapter 1: Indigenous Eco-Technological Knowings Meet University Satellite Campus Teachings on the Rez
  • -- Chapter 2: All Our Relations: Aboriginal Perspective on Environmental Issues in Canada
  • -- Chapter 7: Indigenous Men: Masculinity and Leadership
  • -- Chapter 11: Art and Reconciliation
  • -- Chapter 14: The Failed Foreign System of Criminal Justice and the Problem with Canada
  • Debates and discussions have been updated throughout, while keeping the same vision and accessibility of previous editions.
  • New names and treaties index helps students to access information on notable figures and treaties with ease.
  • New photos, figures, and tables provide a range of visual aids throughout.