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Hardback 752 pp.
39 figures; 51 tables; 165 photos; 6 maps, 8.5" x 11"



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Imprint: OUP Canada

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A Canadian Perspective, Fourth Edition

Edited by Lorne Tepperman and Patrizia Albanese

Featuring chapters written by over 30 of Canada's leading sociologists, this fourth edition provides an authoritative, comprehensive, and accessible introduction to the fascinating field of sociology. Extensive Canadian and international examples tie sociological theory to real-world experiences, inspiring students to take an in-depth look at the micro and macro forces that shape the social world around them.

Readership : A core text intended for introductory sociology courses offered at the first-year level out of sociology departments at universities and colleges.


  • "This text does a very good job of reflecting the state of the discipline as a whole, both in terms of highlighting newer lines of theoretical thought prevalent within any given subfield, and in terms of providing relevant examples of contemporary empirical research."
    --Stephen Marmura, St. Francis Xavier University

  • "This text provides a good mix of theory and how the theory applies to lived experiences, circumstances, and populations."
    --Robert McCoy, Saint Thomas University

Introduction: Why Not Become a Sociologist? (Lorne Tepperman and Patrizia Albanese)
A Definition of Sociology
How Sociology Differs from Other Academic Fields
Part I: Theory and Methodology
1. Sociological Theory (Anthony Thomson)
Introduction: Why Theory?
The Birth of Sociology in the Age of Revolution
Classical Sociology
Feminist Sociology
Power and Resistance
Modernism and Post-Modernism
2. Research Methods (Bruce Arai)
Sociology as a Science
Theory and Research
Research Techniques
The Context of Sociological Research
Part II: Major Social Processes
3. Culture and Culture Change (Shyon Baumann)
Why Study Culture?
What Is Culture?
The Role of Culture in Social Theory
Cultural Realms
Cultural Dynamics
Canadian Culture
4. Socialization (Barbara A. Mitchell)
Introduction: What Is Socialization?
Human Behaviour-Nature or Nurture?
Theorizing Socialization
The Family
The Peer Group
Mass Media
The Life Course, Aging, and Socialization
Socialization Processes: Pawns, Puppets, or Free Agents?
5. Statuses, Roles, Self, and Identity (Dorothy Pawluch and William Shaffir)
A Functionalist View of Statuses and Roles
Symbolic Interactionism: Roles, Self, and Identity
Conflict Perspectives
6. Groups and Organizations (Lorne Tepperman)
Sets of People
How Bureaucracies Actually Work
7. Deviance (Vincent F. Sacco and Alicia D. Horton)
What Is Deviance?
Deviance as a Sociological Concept
Researching Deviance
The Sociology of Deviant Behaviour
Making Sense of the "Facts" of Deviant Behaviour
The Sociology of Deviant Categories
Deviance and Post-modernism
Part III: Types of Social Inequality
8. Class and Status Inequality (Sara J. Cumming and Ann D. Duffy)
Class and Status Inequalities in Sociological Thought
Understanding Poverty
Policies to Address Poverty
Conclusion: Social and Economic Inequalities - Future Trends
9. Gender Relations (Janet Siltanen and Andrea Doucet)
Introduction: Gender Relations and You
Thinking Sociologically
Living Gendered Lives
On to the Future: Gender Relations and Social Change
10. Sexuality (Patrizia Albanese)
Sexuality over the Centuries
The Scientific Study of Sex
Sociology of Sex: Theoretical and Methodological Approaches
Sexual Citizenship in Canada and Elsewhere
Sex and the Workplace
Cybersex, Pornography, and the Internet
Sexual Offences
11. Ethnic and Race Relations (Nikolaos I. Liodakis)
A Brief History of Ethnicity and Race
Recent Approaches: Critical Race Theory and Post-colonialism
Building One Nation or Two: Canada's Development through Immigration
The New Mosaic: Recent Canadian Immigration
Multiculturalism and Its Discontents
Prejudice and Racism
Culturalism and Political Economy: Explanations for Socio-economic Inequalities
The Vertical Mosaic Then and the Colour-Coded Mosaic Today
Earnings Differentials within Ethnic Groups: The Roles of Class, Gender, and Place of Birth
Conclusion: The Future of Race and Ethnicity
12. The Social Aspects of Aging (Lynn McDonald)
The Demographic Imperative
Social Theories in the Field of Aging
The Basics: Health, Income, and Social Connectedness
Part IV: Social Institutions
13. Families and Personal Life (Maureen Baker)
Family Variations
Explaining Family Patterns and Practices
Recent Issues in Canadian Families
Reforming Canadian Family Policies
Future Families
14. Education (Terry Wotherspoon)
The Changing Face of Education
Alternative Accounts of Educational Growth and Development
Educational Participants
Educational Policy, Politics, and Ideologies
Education, Work, and Families
Education and New Technologies
Educational Opportunities and Inequalities
15. Work and the Economy (Pamela Sugiman)
World Economic Systems
The Global Economy
The Capitalist Economy: Where People Work
Social Reproduction
The Social Organization of Work Today
The Changing Face of Labour: Diversity among Workers
Workers' Coping and Resistance: The Struggle for Dignity and Rights
Conclusion: Work in the Future, Our Future as Workers
16. Health Issues (Juanne Clarke)
Theoretical Perspectives
The Sociology of Health, Illness, Disease, and Sickness
Sociology of Medicine
17. Religion in Canada (Lori G. Beaman)
Religion in Profile
Definitions of Religion
New Religious Movements
Theories of Religion and Society
The Quiet Revolution
Religion and Law
Religion and Gender
18. Politics and Political Movements (Howard Ramos and Karen Stanbridge)
The State
Cultural and Social Processes
Institutional Processes
19. Social Movements (John Veugelers and Randle Hart)
What Is a Social Movement?
Theoretical Approaches
The Analysis of Social Movements
Part V: Canadian Society and the Global Context
20. Challenges of Globalization (Pierre Beaudet)
Globalizations and Globalization
The Contested Impact of Neo-liberal Globalization
Breaking Barriers: Culture and Technology
The Great Debate
One Global World: Prospects and Constraints
Failing Processes
Widening Gaps through the Crisis
Globalization into the Twenty-First Century
Anti- or Alter-Globalization?
Conclusion: Multitudes and "Glocal"
21. Population and Society (Frank Trovato)
Demographic Change and Social Change
World Population
Age Compositions of Developed and Developing Countries
Theories of Population Change
Canada's Population: An Overview
22. Cities and Urban Sociology (Louis Guay and Pierre Hamel)
Introduction: Understanding Cities
Urban Sociology: Past and Present
The Rise and Demise of the Industrial City
Urban Governance and Metropolitan Issues
Cities, the Environment, and Sustainable Development
23. Mass Media and Communication (David Young)
Sociological Theories of the Media
Political Economy of the Media
Cultural Studies of the Media
The Internet: Extending Political Economy and Cultural Studies
24. The Environment (G. Keith Warriner)
The Basics of Environmental Sociology
The Environment and Ecological Scarcity
The Environment and Social Theory
The Environment and Social Movements
25. Technology and Society (Anabel Quan-Haase)
Defining Technology
Community and Technology
Technology and Inequality
Presentation of Self Online
Online Deception, Deviance, and Bullying
Romantic Relationships Online
A Society of Overload

Instructor's Manual
For each chapter:
Thorough Lecture Outline
Learning Objectives
Key Concepts and Names
Concepts for Discussion or Debate (with answers and page references)
Suggested Assignments or Class Activities
Annotated Teaching Aid Suggestions
Annotated Media Suggestions (films, documentaries, podcasts, and YouTube clips)
Test Generator
For each chapter:
Multiple Choice Questions
True-or-False Questions
Short Answer Questions
Essay Questions
Answer key and page references
PowerPoint Slides
For each chapter:
Approximately 35 lecture outline slides
Student Study Guide
For each chapter:
Thorough Chapter Summary
Multiple Choice Questions (with answers and page references)
True-or-False Questions (with answers and page references)
Fill-in-the-Blank Questions (with answers and page references)
Short Answer Questions (with answers and page references)
Annotated Further Readings or Web Links
Image Bank
Streaming Video Collection
Case studies, documentary footage, and feature-length films that complement themes and issues discussed in the book
E-Book (ISBN 9780199012930)

Lorne Tepperman is a professor in the Department of Sociology at the University of Toronto. He served as chair of the department from 1997 to 2003 and has won many teaching awards, including the Dean's Excellence Award, an Outstanding Teaching Award from the Faculty of Arts and Science, and an Oswald Hall Teaching Award given by the Department of Sociology. In 2003, Lorne received the Outstanding Contribution Award from the Canadian Sociology Association. He is the author or editor of numerous books published by OUP, including Principles of Sociology: Canadian Perspectives, third edition (2014), Social Problems: A Canadian Perspective, fourth edition (2015), and Starting Points: A Sociological Journey, second edition (2011).

Patrizia Albanese is a professor in the Department of Sociology at Ryerson University. She is the author of Children in Canada Today, second edition(OUP Canada, 2016) and Child Poverty in Canada (2009), and a co-editor with Lorne Tepperman of Sociology: A Canadian Perspective, third edition (2012). She is a past president of the Canadian Sociological Association.

Imagining Sociology - Catherine Corrigall-Brown
Thinking about Sociology - Karen L. Anderson
Starting Points - Lorne Tepperman
Principles of Sociology - Edited by Lorne Tepperman, Patrizia Albanese and The late James Curtis
Foundations of Sociology - John Steckley
Elements of Sociology - John Steckley
Introducing Sociology - Murray Knuttila and Andre Magnan
Reading Sociology - Edited by Lorne Tepperman and Angela Kalyta
Questioning Sociology - Edited by Myra J. Hird and George Pavlich
Making Sense in the Social Sciences - Margot Northey, Lorne Tepperman and Patrizia Albanese
Writing in the Social Sciences - Jake Muller

Special Features

  • Written by top Canadian sociologists--over 30 distinguished academics writing in their areas of expertise provide students with an authoritative introduction to the field.
  • Canadian and international examples expose students to sociological issues at home and abroad.
  • Carefully edited to ensure a consistency of tone, reading level, and terminology across contributed chapters, offering an even treatment of the discipline's major concerns.
  • Dedicated chapters on theory and methods in chapters 1 and 2, along with integrated information throughout, helps students develop a strong foundation from which to analyze prevailing sociological themes.
  • Theme boxes highlighting contemporary issues and debates have been expanded and updated. These boxes reinforce the ways in which sociology can be applied to real-life situations.
  • --NEW! Researchers in Action boxes profile Canadian sociologists, giving students insight into the exciting contributions that Canadians have made to the field.
  • --Sociology in Action boxes show how sociological research can help us better understand the everyday world.
  • --Open for Discussion boxes use contemporary social issues and debates to foster understanding of core sociological concepts.
  • --Time to Reflect boxes interspersed throughout each chapter ask students to pause and absorb essential information.
  • --Global Issues boxes draw upon examples from around the world to illustrate the effects of globalization and how sociologists respond to it.
  • --Human Diversity boxes introduce students to the ways of life and worldviews of different cultures and social groups.
  • --Meet the Author boxes feature brief personal narratives by contributors, showing why and how sociology has impacted their lives.
  • --Under the Wire boxes explore how media and technologies impact social behaviours.
  • Vibrant, clean design includes a wealth of photos, figures, tables, and maps in a stunning full-colour interior that reflects the vitality of the field.
New to this Edition
  • New chapter on technology and society (Ch. 25) helps students understand the sociological implications of technology, covering topics such as the evolution of the digital divide, the presentation of self online, and cyberbullying.
  • New Researchers in Action boxes profile Canadian sociologists, giving students insight into the exciting contributions that Canadians have made to the field.
  • Added coverage of disability helps students appreciate the conditions and experiences facing people with disabilities living in Canada today.
  • Thoroughly updated with the most recent research findings and statistics, making this the most current resource available.