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Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide.

Print Price: $180.00

Format:
Paperback
328 pp.
numerous figures & tables, 189 mm x 246 mm

ISBN-13:
9780198527084

Publication date:
April 2005

Imprint: OUP UK


Respiration in Aquatic Ecosystems

Edited by Paul del Giorgio and Peter Williams

Respiration represents the major area of ignorance in our understanding of the global carbon cycle. In spite of its obvious ecological and biogeochemical importance, most oceanographic and limnological textbooks invariably deal with respiration only superficially and as an extension of production and other processes. The objective of this book is to fill this gap and to provide the first comprehensive review of respiration in the major aquatic systems of the biosphere. The introductory chapters review the general importance of respiration in aquatic systems, and deal with respiration within four key biological components of aquatic systems: bacteria, algae, heterotrophic protists, and zooplankton. The aim of this first part is to provide the backbone for the analysis and interpretation of ecosystem-level respiration in a variety of aquatic environments. The central chapters of the book review respiration in major aquatic ecosystems including freshwater wetlands, lakes and rivers, estuaries, coastal and open ocean and pelagic ecosystems, as well as respiration in suboxic environments. For each major ecosystem, the corresponding chapter provides a synthesis of methods used to assess respiration, outlines the existing information and data on respiration, discusses its regulation and link to biotic and abiotic factors, and finally provides regional and global estimates of the magnitude of respiration. The final chapter provides a general synthesis of the information and data provided in the different sections, and further attempts to place aquatic respiration within the context of the global carbon budget.

Readership : Scientists: aquatic ecologists and biogeochemists, biological oceanographers, modellers, ecophysiologists, ecosystem ecologists; university professors; graduate science students.

1. Peter Williams, Paul del Giorgio: Respiration in aquatic ecosystems: history and background
2. Gary M. King: Ecophysiology of microbial respiration
3. John A. Raven: Respiration in aquatic photolithotrophs
4. Tom Fenchel: Respiration in aquatic protists
5. Santiago Hernandez-Leon: Zooplankton respiration
6. Charlotte L. Roehm: Respiration in wetland ecosystems
7. Michael L. Pace, Yves T. Prairie: Respiration in lakes
8. Charles S. Hopkinson, Erik M. Smith: Estuarine respiration: an overview of benthic, pelagic and whole system respiration
9. Carol Robinson, Peter Williams: Respiration and its measurement in surface marine waters
10. Javier Aristegui, Susana Agusti, Jack J. Middelburg, Carlos M. Duarte: Respiration in the mesopelagic and bathypelagic zones of the ocean
11. Jack J. Middelburg, Carlos M. Duarte, Jean-PIerre Gattuso: Respiration in coastal benthic communities
12. L.A. Codispoti, T. Yoshinari, A.H. Devol: Suboxic respiration in the oceanic water column
13. Kevin J. Flynn: Incorporating plankton respiration in models of aquatic ecosystem function
14. Paul del Giorgio, Peter Williams: The global significance of respiration in aquatic ecosystems: from single cells to the biosphere

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Dr Paul del Giorgio is an Associate Professor in the Department of Biological Sciences at the University of Quebec, Montreal, Canada. Professor Peter J. LeB. Williams BSc PhD DSc (Birm) is Professor of Marine Biogeochemistry at the University of Wales, Bangor, UK. His research spans the fields of marine chemistry, biogeochemistry and microbiology. His particular interests are the quantification of respiration in the marine plankton, its distribution within the various planktonic groups, the links with photosynthesis and the control of respiration rates.

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Special Features

  • A comprehensive overview of the current state of knowledge on aquatic respiration
  • Provides quantitative information on the magnitude and variation of respiration in the major aquatic ecosystems of the world
  • Provides an overview of the basic pathways and regulatory mechanisms of respiration in the major groups of aquatic organisms
  • Includes an overview of the current methods used in the different ecosystems and disciplines, and provides a critical analysis of the major gaps in our understanding