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Print Price: $56.50

320 pp.
156 mm x 234 mm


Publication date:
April 2001

Imprint: OUP UK

Inclusion and Democracy

Iris Marion Young

Series : Oxford Political Theory

Democratic equality entails a principle that everyone whose basic interests are affected by policies should be included in the process of making them. Yet individuals and groups often claim that decision making processes are dominated by only some of the interests and perspectives in the society. What are the ideals of inclusion through which such criticisms should be made, and which might guide more inclusive political practice? This book considers that question from the point of view of norms of democratic communication, processes of representation and association, and how wide the scope of political jurisdictions should be.
Democratic theorists have not sufficiently attended to the ways processes of debate and decision making often marginalize individuals and groups because the norms of political discussion are biased against some forms of expression. Inclusion and Democracy broadens our understanding of democratic communication by reflecting on the positive political functions of narrative, rhetorically situated appeals, and public protest. It reconstructs concepts of civil society and public sphere as enacting such plural forms of communication among debating citizens in large-scale societies.
The book considers issues of the scope of the polity at two levels: global and local. The scope of a polity should extend as wide as the scope of social and economic interactions that raise issues of justice. Today this implies the need for global democratic institutions. At a more local level, processes of residential segregation and the design of municipal jurisdictions often result in the ability for actions in one locale to affect those in other locales without those making the decisions having to include some of those affected in the decision making process. Metropolitan governments which preserve significant local autonomy may therefore be necessary to promote political equality.

Readership : Scholars and students of political theory, political philosophy, women's studies, ethnic studies, sociology, jurisprudence, geography, communication studies, policy makers and analysts involved in consultative democratic processes.<i><i>


  • Her agility in argument is impressive...Her footnotes alone are an excellent source of references to and comments on the recent literature in this tradition, and she offers a range of new arguments that demonstrate the continuing vitality of thought on this side. Boris DeWiel, H-Pol, November 2001

Democracy and Justice
Inclusive Political Communication
Social Difference as a Political Resource
Representation and Social Perspective
Civil Society and Its Limits
Residential Segregation and Regional Democracy
Self-Determination and Global Democracy

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Iris Marion Young is a Professor of Political Science, University of Chicago.

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Special Features

  • Leading figure in contemporary political philosophy
  • topical subject that engages with some of the most important developments in contemporary political theory
  • Controversial and innovative approach to the subject