Canadian Grammar Spectrum is a series of grammar reference and practice books for ESL students. The books are set up in two-page spreads: a brief grammar explanation followed by exercises. The books are suitable as in-class resources, homework tools, or self-study aids.
Verbs and tenses
Simple Present or Present Progressive
Present Perfect (1)
Present Perfect (2)
Simple Past or Present Perfect
Present Perfect Progressive
or be going to
Zero Conditional and First Conditional
Present tense: when, before, after, until, etc.
So am I, I am too, Neither am I, etc.
Verb + preposition
Make, do, have, get
Sentences and questions
Word order: subject, verb, object
Who and what:
subject and object
Modals and other verbs
Must, must not
Can/Could I? May I? Can/Could you?
Infinitives and -ing forms
Verb + -ing;
like and would like
Infinitive with/without to
Articles, nouns, pronouns, etc.
Articles: a/an, the, or no article
Myself, yourself, etc.; each other
Direct and indirect objects
Something, anybody, nothing, etc.
All, most, some, none
As/like; as if/as though
Adjectives and adverbs
Comparison: (not) as...as
Too and enough
Adjectives: -ed or -ing
Adverbs: place, direction, sequence
Adverb + adjective; noun + noun; etc.
Prepositions of place and movement
In; with; preposition + -ing
And, but, so, both ... and, either, etc.
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Mark Harrison is a freelance writer and consultant. He is the author of a wide range of practice test books, as well as books on language, grammar, and culture.