Gary D. Bouma, Rod Ling and Lori Wilkinson
Designed for courses in the social sciences, this concise, accessible introduction to qualitative and quantitative methods walks students through the research process step by step, from designing and implementing a study to analyzing results and reporting the findings. This fully revised second
edition features expanded Canadian content, new case studies, and updated coverage of ethics, as well as a new glossary and a wealth of examples and illustrations throughout. Its practical approach makes The Research Process an invaluable resource for any course that involves thorough study of the
ways the human world works.
1. How We Know What We Know and How We Know We Know
Answering our questions
Consulting an authority as a way of knowing
Research as a way of knowing
2. Research as a Way of Knowing
Research as a process
Research as a discipline
PHASE 1: ESSENTIAL FIRST STEPS
3. Selecting a Problem
The literature review
Narrowing and clarifying the problem
Stating the problem
4. Qualitative or Quantitative Research? Where Do I Begin?
What is qualitative research?
to use qualitiative research
What is quantitative research?
Which is better: Qualitative or quantitative?
5. Selecting Variables
Concepts and variables
Finding variables for concepts: Hypotheses
Finding variables for concepts: Research objectives
The question of
An overview of the research process
6. Finding a Variable's Measurements
The logic of measurement
Variable measurement in the social and behavioural sciences
Using observation to measure variables
Using interview schedules and questionnaires to measure
Examining records and publications to measure variables
7. Selecting a Research Design
Qualitative or quantitative? Which approach should you use?
How do you choose a research design?
- 1. The case study
- 2. The longitudinal
- 3. The comparison study
- 4. The longitudinal comparison study
- 5. The experiment
Controlling the influence of other variables
8. Selecting a Sample
How to select a sample
Types of sampling procedure
Determining sample size
9. Ethics in Human
The ethics of research
Formal ethical review of research
Ethical issues in qualitative research
Ending the research process
PHASE 2: DATA COLLECTION
10. Making Notes, Organizing Data, and Constructing Bibliographies
Attention to detail
Maintain a bibliography
Data collection sheets
11. Summarizing and Presenting Data in Quantitative Research
12. Presenting Data Using Qualitative Research
The qualitative research
Phase 1: Essential first steps
Phase 2: Collecting, summarizing, and organizing data
Phase 3: Analyzing data
PHASE 3: ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION
13. Drawing Conclusions
What did you ask?
What did you find?
What exactly do you conclude?
whom do your conclusions apply?
14. Reporting Your Research
What is worth reporting?
A general outline
Appendix A: Final Report: The Job-Search Experiences of Immigrant and New-Generation Youth in Winnipeg (NEW!)
Appendix B: A Table of Random Numbers
Glossary of Key Terms
Instructor's Manual (NEW!):
Chapter summary presented as lecture outline
1-3 suggested class activities/assessments
List of teaching aids
3 Canadian examples for discussion
1 learning challenge for students and suggestion for teaching strategy
10-15 true-or-false questions
15-20 multiple-choice questions
Student Study Guide:
For each chapter:
List of key terms with definitions
3-5 short-answer review questions, including applied-knowledge problems
multiple-choice questions (presented separately as an interactive quiz)
Canadian adapter Lori Wilkinson is associate professor in the Sociology Department at the University of Manitoba, where she teaches courses in ethnic relations, Canadian society and culture, and survey research methods. She is an internationally recognized expert on immigration and refugee
studies, in particular on immigrant youths' adaption to the Canadian economic and educational experience. Her commitment to her department, faculty, university, students, and community was recognized in 2008, when she was the recipient of the Faculty of Arts Professor of the Year award.
Lori is also involved with the Canadian Sociological Association (CSA) and is currently working on updating the organization's ethics guidelines. Her upcoming writing projects include a co-authored introductory statistics text for OUP.
Making Sense in the Social Sciences
- Margot Northey, Lorne Tepperman and Patrizia AlbaneseThe Methods Coach
- Lance W. Roberts, Karen Kampen and Tracey PeterA Dictionary of Sociology
- John Scott and Gordon MarshallQualitative Research in Action
- Deborah K. van den HoonaardSPSS Virtual Teaching Assistant
- Hannah Scott