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Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide.

Print Price: $105.99

256 pp.
15 figures; 13 tables, 5 photos, 2 maps (all 1 colour), 6" x 9"


Copyright Year:

Imprint: OUP Canada

States and Markets

Sociology of Public Policy in Canada

Susan A. McDaniel and Seong-gee Um

Series : Themes in Canadian Sociology

This concise yet comprehensive sociological overview of public policy in Canada explores a range of important issues - such as demographic shifts, globalization, changes in the economy and labour markets, taxation, and more - offering students an informed look at the forces shaping public policy today.

Readership : States and Markets: Sociology of Public Policy in Canada is a core text for second-, third-, and fourth-year level social policy courses offered out of sociology departments at universities and some colleges. This text may also be used in public and social policy courses offered out of economics, political science, social work, and public administration departments at universities and colleges.


  • "This text is up to date, comprehensive, and well researched, with important topics discussed in a balanced, compelling manner."
    --Erling V. Christensen, Kwantlen Polytechnic University

  • "This is the right approach; the textbook is well presented and eminently readable."
    --Daniel MacInnes, St Francis Xavier University

1. A Sociological Look at Public Policy
Public Policy and Social Policy
Competing Frameworks for Understanding Public Policy
- Structural Functionalism
- Marxism
- Foucault
- Political Economy
- Theorizing States
Residual State Policy: Filling in Bits Left by the Market
Human Capital and the Investment State
Inclusion/Participation/Social Citizenship Models
Conceptualizing the Relations of Family/Market/State: A Shifting Dance
2. Theories of Public Policy
What Is Theory of Public Policy?
Social/Political Economy of Welfare
Varieties of Capitalism in Welfare States
Capabilities Theory
Types of Welfare States
Welfare Pluralism and Welfare Mix
Social and Market Citizenship
Returns of Keynesianism
Challenges and Critiques of Welfare State Theories
New Policy Paradigms
3. Present Challenges: Shaped by the Past and the Future
Policy Actions and Inactions: How Both Shape the Present
How We Got Here: A Brief History
What Is the Nature of the Relationship of Canadians to our Policy Architecture?
What Is the Origin of Some of Our Most Important Policies?
Why Did We Create a Post-World War II Network of Policies Known as the Welfare State?
Why Did We Move Away from the Post-War Policy Nets?
Where Are We Now?
Challenges from Every Direction
Conclusion: Where to Go From Here?
4. Security Through Policy: What It Means to Canadians
Canada's Tax and Transfer System: Who Pays and Who Benefits?
Taxing Canadians under Fiscal Federalism
Federal and Provincial Expenditures
Income Security Programs in Canada
- For Seniors
- For Workers (and the Unemployed)
- For Children (Families with Children)
Canada in Comparative Perspective
5. States and Markets: Dominant Forces of Change
Global Forces Driving Change: The Rise of Neo-liberalism and Globalization
The Transforming Canadian Welfare State: Shifting Roles of State and Market
Towards Less Government through Spending Cuts and Tax Reductions
Rising Role of the Market: Privatization and Market-Based Solutions
- Privatization of Social Programs: More for Less?
- Privatizing Healthcare: The Increasing Role of For-Profit Corporations
Promoting Individual Responsibility through Labour Market Participation
- Blaming the Poor for Being Poor: The Image of the Undeserving Poor
- Workfare Programs for Canadians
- Restructuring Employment Insurance for Unemployed Canadians
6. Equality, Inclusion, and Policy Retrenchment
Introduction: A Sociological Look at Inequality
Inequality on the Rise in Canada
- The Rich, The Poor, and the Rest of Us
- Understanding Growing Economic Inequality in the Context of Policy Retrenchment
- Understanding the Effectiveness of Public Policies on Reducing the Income Inequality
Rising Inequality in Accessing Social Goods: Who Are the Socially Excluded?
Intergenerational Social Mobility: Is a "Canadian Dream" Still Valid?
7. Creating a New Policy Agenda
New Policy Approaches
- The Activation/Social Investment Approach
- The New Politics of Policy
- A Global Approach?
Conclusion: Toward a New Policy Agenda

Test Bank:
For each chapter:
20 multiple choice questions
10 true-or-false questions
5 short answer questions
3 essay questions
Answer key with page references
E-Book (ISBN 9780199000616):

Susan A. McDaniel is Canada Research Chair (Tier 1) in Global Population and Life Course, Prentice Research Chair in Global Population and Economy, and professor of sociology at the University of Lethbridge. She is a widely known expert with a long and active series of research programs in areas that relate directly to social and public policy. She has been a policy advisor to various governments in Canada and elsewhere, and is a frequent public speaker on her research and its implications for various public policies. She has also taught, and continues to teach at both undergraduate and graduate levels, various courses in social and public policy.

Seong-gee Um is a post-doctoral fellow with the Canada Research Chair in Citizenship and Governance at Université de Montréal.

Seeing Politics Differently - Karen Stanbridge and Howard Ramos
Power and Inequality - Gregg M. Olsen
Social Welfare in Canada - Andrew Armitage
Social Policy in Canada - Ernie Lightman

Special Features

  • Canadian data and examples make this a relevant resource for students of public policy in this country.
  • A unique sociological approach to the subject explores how public policy connects us with others in society; how state power works to affect our actions and opportunities; and how policy approaches are taken in different socio-cultural contexts.
  • Concise introduction to the subject - part of the well-regarded Themes in Canadian Sociology series, known for its clear and concise approach to current research and trends in the discipline.
  • Classical and contemporary perspectives give students an in-depth look at historical and current frameworks for understanding public policy.
  • Coverage of the future of public policy in Canada examines themes of concern and interest for policy in Canada in the coming decades.