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Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide.

Price: $24.95

Paperback 272 pp.
No illustrations, 6" x 9"



Publication date:
April 2010

Imprint: OUP Canada

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The Double Ghetto

Canadian Women and Their Segregated Work, Updated Third Edition

Pat Armstrong and Hugh Armstrong

Series : The Wynford Project

Pat Armstrong is a 2011 Fellow of The Royal Society of Canada.

One of the classic studies of Canadian sociology - now reissued with a new introduction by the authors - The Double Ghetto is a thought-provoking examination of women in the workforce and how their roles have both changed and yet stayed the same over the past four decades.

The Double Ghetto surveys the work women do at home and on the job to analyze why work in this country is still segregated by sex. As the authors note, although women now account for a majority of those graduating from post-secondary educational institutions and their labour force participation rate equals that of men, at the same time "women continue to do women's work at women's wages" and are disproportionately concentrated in the lowest paying occupations.

Why, despite all the gains of the past four decades, does segregation still persist? And why has progress, if anything, slowed since the mid-1990s, when the previous edition of this book was issued?

As well as being of vital interest to anyone interested in the status of women in the Canadian workforce, The Double Ghetto is also a standard text for courses in sociology, social work, and women's studies departments.

Readership : Readers interested in women's and gender studies; courses in Sociology of Work, Sociology of Gender, Women's Studies, Social Stratification.

Pat Armstrong and Hugh Armstrong: Introduction to the Wynford Edition
1. Introduction
2. Women's Work in the Labour Force
Female Participation in the Labour Force
The Economic Context
Industrial Segregation
Occupational Segregation
Women's Wages
Differences Among Women
The Causation of Work
Conditions and Relations of Work
3. Women's Work in the Home
The Historical Context
Reproduction and Child Care
Care of the Elderly and the Disabled
Tension Management
Sexual Relations
4. Biological Determinism
Difficulties in Establishing Differences
Female and Male
Feminine and Masculine
Biology and Work In The Home
Biology and Work In The Labour Force
5. Idealism
Idealist Analysis
Problems With Idealist Analysis
Symbolic Interactionism
Post-Marxist Theories
6. Materialism
The Materialist Approach
Work at Home and In The Labour Force
Employer Demands and Family Economic Needs
Women's Work In The Home and Women's Consciousness
Women's Work In The Labour Force and Women's Consciousness
Early Learning
7. Conclusion

There are no Instructor/Student Resources available at this time.

Pat Armstrong is co-author or editor of more than a dozen books on health care, and she has also published on a wide variety of issues related to women's work and to social policy. Currently CHSRF/CIHR Chair in Heath Services and Nursing Research at York University, she has served as chair of the Department of Sociology at York and director of the School of Canadian Studies at Carleton University. She was a founding partner of the 'National Network on Environments and Womens Health <http://www.yorku.ca/hschair/www.yorku.ca/nnewh>, and is the chair of Women and Health Care Reform, a working group on health reform. Her CIHR-funded project compares conditions in Canada's long-term care facilities with those in Nordic countries, which is the first step in a longer research program. Like most of her past research, this project relies primarily on the perspectives of those who actually provide or manage care within the system. Armstrong is a board member of the Canadian Health Coalition <http://www.healthcoalition.ca/> and the Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives <http://www.policyalternatives.ca/>.

Hugh Armstrong is a professor in the School of Social Work and in the Institute of Political Economy at Carleton University. He currently serves on the Board of Directors for the Council on Aging of Ottawa and on the Community Advisory Committee of the Ottawa Hospital. His books include About Canada: Health Care (Halifax and Winnipeg: Ferwood Books, 2008) and, with Pat Armstrong, Wasting Away: The Undermining of Canadian Health Care, Second Edition (Oxford), also recently reissued in a Wynford edition. His research interests include women and work, unions and public policy, and the political economy of health and health care.

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I Brought the Ages Home - Charles T. Currelly
Minetown, Milltown, Railtown - Rex Lucas and Lorne Tepperman
Canadian Short Stories - Edited by Robert Weaver
Preface by William Toye
The Fraser - The late Bruce Hutchison
Introduction by Vaughn Palmer
Man's Emerging Mind - The late N. J. Berrill
No Passport - The late Eugene Cloutier
Translated by Joyce Marshall
Ethnicity and Human Rights in Canada - Evelyn Kallen
Corporate Power in a Globalizing World - William Carroll
Regions Apart - Edward Grabb and The late James Curtis
Wasting Away - Pat Armstrong and Hugh Armstrong
The Jews in Canada - Edited by Robert J. Brym, William Shaffir and Morton Weinfeld
The Unknown Country - The late Bruce Hutchison and Introduction by Vaughn Palmer
Approaches to Politics - The late Pierre Elliott Trudeau
Translated by The late Ivon Owen, Foreward and Introduction by Ramsay Cook and Preface by The late Jacques Hébert

Special Features

  • A classic of Canadian sociology - a groundbreaking work that redefined its field
  • The most comprehensive treatment available of the status and role of Canadian women in the workforce
  • New introduction by the authors updates key findings and assesses progress since the publication of the third edition in 1995