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Paperback 464 pp.
73 figures; 26 photographs; 23 maps; 57 tables, 8" x 10"



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Imprint: OUP Canada

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Economic Geography

An Institutional Approach

Roger Hayter and Jerry Patchell

The market is the central institution of the global economy, driving the development that has so dramatically improved living standards for many of the world's people over the past two centuries. But the market has also helped to keep many other people in poverty, and it has played a major role in the ongoing degradation of the environment. In Economic Geography: An Institutional Approach, Roger Hayter and Jerry Patchell offer a comprehensive introduction to the study of economic activity in place and across space, centred on the interplay of the economic, social, and political institutions that do so much to determine the quality of life in a particular place: from its economic efficiency to the degree of social equity it enjoys and its position in what is now a global economic system. Perfect for courses in economic geography, the text provides both a solid foundation in the location dynamics of value chains and a perspective that recognizes the interdependence of places, institutions, activities, and ways of life around the world.

Readership : Second- and third-year courses at the university level.


  • "The readability of this book far exceeds anything that I have used in my course. The themes of place and space are front and centre throughout. . . . I also liked the balanced approach, [drawing on] both the classical material and more recent approaches to the study of spatial economic systems and development."

    --Brian Lorch, Lakehead University

  • "The treatment of non-profits is the best I have seen in an economic geography textbook, and the discussion of network economies as a kind of scale economy is both consistent with a larger body of now neglected work in geography and refreshing. This chapter would provide an additional segue for GIS-focused students."

    --Jeff Boggs, Brock University

Publisher's Preface
Introduction: An Institutional Approach to Economic Geography
Part 1: Markets in Place, Space, and Time
1. Markets in Place and Space
Perfect Competition
Market Coordination
Market Governance
2. The Spatial Division of Labour
Spatial Value Chains and Economies of Scale and Scope
3. Evolution, Innovation, and Inequality
Innovation as a Social Process
Techno-economic Paradigms
The Changing Geography of Innovation
Innovation and Global Inequality
Part 2: Institutional Pillars of Modern Space Economies
4. Business
Business Organization, Independence, and Integration
Business Segmentation
Location Dynamics
Conclusion: Business and the Spatial Division of Labour
5. Labour
The Nature of Labour Markets
Toward Flexible Work Cultures and Segmentation
Labour Market Failures and Challenges
Conclusion: The Dignity of a Job
6. Government
The Principles and Budgetary Powers of Governments
National Governments and Economic Strategies
Local and Regional Development Policies
7. Non-Profit Organizations
The Diversity of Non-Profits
The Roles of Non-Profits
Global-Local Dynamics of NGO Activism
Social Capital and Development
Part 3: Location Dynamics of Value Chains
8. Energy and Mineral Resources
Geographic Randomness and Realities
The Resource Cycle Meets the Value Cycle
Resource-Based Development
9. Agriculture
Local and Global Markets, Disparities, and Dilemmas
Organization: From Old McDonald's to McDonald's
Regional Renewal and Relocalization
10. Manufacturing
The Shifting Geography of Manufacturing
Value Chain, Product Cycles, and Spatial Integration
Embedding Manufacturing: Clustering and Congregation
11. Services
Defining Services
Consumer Services
Producer Services
Publics Goods: Health and Education
12. Transportation and Communication Networks
Network Economies
Network Costs, Pricing, and Location
Transportation, Communication, and Scale
13. Consumption
Demand: Decision-Making and Decision-Taking
Space Pervaders and Netvigaters
Consumption in Place
14. Cities
Cities as Agglomerations
Systems of Cities
The City as System

Test Bank
PowerPoint Slides
Assignments for Students
Table/Figure/Image Bank
Exhibit Boxes from Book (Case Studies)

Dr Roger Hayter is professor and chair in the Department of Geography at Simon Fraser University. Dr Hayter has written numerous papers and books. He was given the Award for Scholarly Distinction by the Canadian Association of Geographers in 1999, and served as Editor of The Canadian Geographer from 2006 to 2008.

Dr Jerry Patchell is associate professor in the Social Science Division at the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. He hasn't written as many papers or books as Roger, but he isn't as old either.

Canadian Oxford World Atlas - Edited by Quentin Stanford
The Geography of the World Economy - Paul Knox, John Agnew and Linda McCarthy

Special Features

  • Canadian perspective. Writing specifically for Canadian readers, the authors emphasize Canadian examples.
  • Classroom tested. Used extensively by the authors at their schools for a number of years, this book has been refined to ensure it is both relevant and accessible to students.
  • Distinctive approach. Emphasis on the interaction between markets and other key institutions - government, labour, NGOs - draws attention to the social and political dimensions of economic life.
  • Current. Incorporating the most up-to-date research and statistics available, this is the most current economic geography text available.
  • Balanced. The authors take care to present both sides of contentious issues, offering students an unbiased treatment of economic geography.
  • Practical. End-of-chapter questions ask students to put theory into practice, underlining the real-life application of geographic principles.
  • Visual pedagogy. A wealth of visual aids illustrate key concepts and enhance students' understanding of more complex topics such as value chains and value cycles.
  • Case studies. Exhibit boxes expand on important topics and themes - including the Athabasca Oil Sands, the agglomeration of creative industries in Vancouver, and the GoodLife Fitness chain - deepening students' insight into the central concerns of the discipline.
  • Learning aids. In addition to chapter objectives, study questions, and extensive annotated resources, the book includes a comprehensive glossary.
  • Annotated resources. A generous selection of additional references at the end of each chapter suggests directions for further research.